The British Columbia
Fire Code
1998

Office of the Fire Commissioner
Ministry of Municipal Affairs

Province of British Columbia

ORDER OF THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR
IN COUNCIL

Order in Council No.

1095

Approved and Ordered

JUL 30 1998


_____________________________

Administrator

Executive Council Chambers, Victoria

On the recommendation of the undersigned, the Administrator, by and with the advice and consent of the Executive Council, orders that, effective December 1, 1998,

(a) the British Columbia Fire Code which adopts with some changes the National Fire Code of Canada 1995 as it existed on January 1, 1998, is adopted and enacted in the form attached to this order, and

(b) B.C. Reg. 403/92, the British Columbia Fire Code Regulation, is repealed.

DEPOSITED

AUG 04 1998

B.C. REG. 285/98

_________________________________ _________________________________

Minister of Municipal Affairs Presiding Member of the Executive Council

 

(This part is for administrative purposes only and is not part of the Order)

Authority under which Order is Made:

Act and section:- ........ Fire Services Act, section 47 (2) RSBC 1996 c.144

Other (specify):- ........ oic 1594/92

July 27, 1998 1253/98/13/bgn

 

B.C. Fire Code Committee 1998

Voting Member Organization

Duncan Ferguson, P.Eng. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks

Tim K. Lenahan, P.Eng. Association of Professional Engineers & Geoscientists of B.C.

Bob Furlong Fire Prevention Officers' Association of B.C.

Edward MacKinnon, MAIBC. Architectural Institute of B.C.

John Chace Building Officials' Association of B.C.

Robert Stephenson, P.Eng. Canadian Petroleum Products Institute

Jim S. McGregor, Fire Chief Fire Chiefs' Association of B.C.

Avy Woo, P.Eng. City of Vancouver

Brad Walton, A.Sc.T. Applied Science Technologists & Technicians
Association of B.C.; Building Owners &
Managers Association of B.C.

A Guide to the Use of the Code

The British Columbia Fire Code provides a set of minimum requirements respecting fire safety in existing buildings and within the community at large. Its primary purpose is the promotion of public safety through the application of uniform fire safety standards throughout British Columbia.

Historically, building code and fire code requirements were developed to provide property protection, but current fire protection legislation gives increasing emphasis to matters affecting life safety. Life safety is a primary objective of the British Columbia Fire Code and property protection requirements are included for two reasons: they make a direct contribution to life safety, and for the purpose of controlling conflagrations or large loss fires because these events can have serious social and economic impact on the community.

The British Columbia Fire Code contains safety measures for both the building occupants and fire fighters. Safe evacuation or rescue of the occupants, as well as containment or control of a fire, are achieved through requirements for life safety and property protection. Although increased property protection is desirable, any extra protection for existing buildings may not be economically feasible, and the extent to which this Code can include such requirements must be based on risk assessment and available technical resources.

The Code is divided into 7 Parts: each Part is self sufficient with cross references to the building code and other standards where needed. A decimal numbering system has been used throughout the Code. The first number indicates the Part of the Code, the second the Section in the Part, the third the Subsection in the Section and the fourth the Article in the Subsection. An article may be broken down further into sentences, clauses and subclauses, each of which, as can be seen below, is in parentheses.

2 Part

2.8 Section

2.8.2 Subsection

2.8.2.1. Article

2.8.2.1.(1) Sentence

2.8.2.1.(1)(a) Clause

2.8.2.1.(1)(a)(i) Subclause

A summary of the contents of the Code follows:

Part 1 Application and Definitions

Part 1 contains the definitions of all words throughout the Code that appear in italic type, and stipulates how the Code is applied. It includes the necessary administrative requirements to ensure that the technical requirements can be applied with a minimum of difficulty.

Part 2 Building and Occupant Fire Safety

Part 2 contains general fires safety requirements for all buildings. It provides for the control of common fire hazards, including those arising from smoking, open flames, storage and disposal of combustible materials, open air fires and incinerators, and addresses maintenance of fire separations, heating appliances and systems and air conditioning systems. In addition, it includes requirements for maintenance of fire department access and means of egress, establishment of fire safety plans and fire emergency procedures, and fire safety at demolition and construction sites. Portions of this Part deal with upgrading existing buildings to ensure an acceptable standard of life safety.

Part 3 Industrial and Commercial Occupancies

Part 3 contains requirements for the storage of combustible products and dangerous goods, both inside and outside of buildings.

Part 4 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

Part 4 contains requirements for the storage, handling and use of flammable and combustible liquids in connection with the operation of residential, assembly, institutional, commercial and industrial facilities.

Part 5 Hazardous Materials, Processes and Operations

Part 5 applies to processes and operations that involve a risk from fire or explosion or otherwise create a hazard to life safety.

Part 6 Fire Protection Equipment

Part 6 is designed to ensure the continued safe operation of portable extinguishers, fire suppression systems, fire alarm systems, water supplies for fire protection and emergency power installations.

Part 7 Inspection, Testing and Maintenance of Fire Emergency Systems in High Buildings

Part 7 addresses requirements for the inspection, testing and maintenance of fire emergency systems in high buildings. It provides a companion document to Part 3 of the British Columbia Building Code and Commentary C of the user's guide NBC 1995 Fire Protection, Occupant Safety and Accessibility (Part 3).

Appendix A Explanatory Information

Appendix A provides explanatory information on the requirements contained in Parts 1 to 7. It is included for information purposes only and is not part of the technical requirements of the Code.

Part 1General

Section 1.1.General

1.1.1.General

1.1.1.1.Responsibility

1) Unless otherwise specified, the owner or the owner's authorized agent shall be responsible for carrying out the provisions of this Code.

1.1.1.2.Authority

1) The fire commissioner is designated as the person responsible for administration of this Code.

2) The fire commissioner, inspectors and local assistants are designated as the persons responsible for the enforcement of this Code and may issue orders to ensure compliance where necessary.

1.1.1.3.Orders

1) When making an order, the fire commissioner, inspectors and local assistants shall take into account relevant recognized standards and related safety factors.

2) An order shall be made in writing and given to the persons affected.

3) An owner or occupier of a building or premises shall, after receipt of the order, comply with it.

1.1.1.4.Appeals to Fire Commissioner

1) A person adversely affected by the order made by a local assistant or an inspector may appeal the order to the fire commissioner.

2) An appeal shall be made by registered letter, mailed within 10 days after receipt of the order by the owner or occupier.

3) The fire commissioner shall promptly investigate each appeal, affirm, modify or revoke the order appealed from, and in writing communicate the decision and the reasons to the appellant and to the maker of the order.

1.1.1.5.Other Appeals

1) Where an order made under this Code involves the loss or expenditure of more than $500, a person adversely affected by it, if dissatisfied with the order or decision, may, within 5 days of its receipt, apply for a review of it by petition to the Supreme Court, and section 28 of the Act applies for the purposes of this review.

1.1.1.6.Records

1) Where this Code requires that records of inspections, maintenance procedures or tests be retained for examination by the authority having jurisdiction, such records shall be retained during the required time interval between the inspections, maintenance procedures or tests, or for 2 years, whichever is greater.

2) The records required in Sentence (1) shall be retained as part of the fire safety plan required in Section 2.8.

1.1.2.Equivalents

1.1.2.1.Equivalence

1) The provisions of this Code are not intended to limit the appropriate use of materials, systems, equipment and procedures not specifically described herein.

2) Materials, systems, equipment and procedures not specifically described herein or that vary from the specific requirements in this Code or for which no recognized test procedure has been established, are permitted to be used if it can be shown that these alternatives are equivalent on the basis of tests, evaluations or past performance.

3) Where no published test method exists, any test submitted to determine equivalence shall be designed to simulate or exceed anticipated service conditions or shall be designed to compare the performance of the material, system, equipment or procedure with similar materials, systems, equipment or procedures that are known to meet the requirements of this Code.

1.1.2.2.Equivalent Test Standards

1) The results of tests based on test standards other than as described in this Code are permitted to be used provided such alternate test standards will provide comparable results.

1.1.2.3.Alternatives

1) Alternatives to requirements in this Code are permitted if the authority having jurisdiction is satisfied that these alternatives provide a level of fire and life safety that is equivalent to the level of performance required by this Code in conformance with Article 1.1.2.1. (See Appendix A.)

1.1.3.Referenced Documents

1.1.3.1.Conflicting Requirements

1) When a conflict exists between the provisions of this Code and those of a referenced document, the provisions of this Code shall govern.

1.1.3.2.Effective Date

1) Unless otherwise specified herein, the documents referenced in this Code shall include all amendments, revisions and supplements effective to 1 January 1998.

2) Documents referenced in this Code shall be the editions designated in Table 1.1.3.2. (See Appendix A.)

Table 1.1.3.2.

Documents Referenced in the British Columbia Fire Code

Forming Part of Sentence 1.1.3.2.(2)

Issuing Agency

Document Number

Title of Document

Code Reference

AAFC

 

Pest Control Products Act and its Regulations

4.2.3.2.(2)

AECB

 

Atomic Energy Control Act and its Regulations

3.1.1.2.(1)

ANSI/ASME

 

Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code 1995

4.3.1.3.(1)
4.4.10.5.(2)
4.4.10.6.(1)

ANSI/ASME

B16.5-1996

Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings

4.4.5.3.(1)

ANSI/ASME

B31.3-1996

Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping

4.4.2.1.(5)

API

5L-1995

Line Pipe

4.4.2.1.(4)

API

12B-1995

Bolted Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids

4.3.1.2.(1)

API

12D-1994

Field Welded Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids

4.3.1.2.(1)

API

12F-1996

Shop Welded Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids

4.3.1.2.(1)

API

620-1990

Design and Construction of Large, Welded, Low-Pressure Storage Tanks

4.3.1.3.(1)
4.3.3.1.(1)

API

650-1993

Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage

4.3.1.2.(1)
4.3.3.1.(1)

API

1104-1994

Welding Pipelines and Related Facilities

4.4.5.2.(1)

API

RP 1107-1991

Recommended Pipeline Maintenance Welding Practices

4.4.5.2.(1)
4.4.11.7.(6)

API

2000-1992

Venting Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Storage Tanks

4.3.4.1.(1)

API

2200-1994

Repairs to Crude Oil, Liquefied Petroleum Gas and Products Pipelines

4.4.11.7.(6)

API

2201-1995

Welding or Hot Tapping on Equipment Containing Flammables

4.4.11.7.(6)

ASTM

A 53-97

Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless

4.4.2.1.(4)

ASTM

A 193/A 193M-97b

Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting Materials for High Temperature Service

4.4.5.4.(1)

ASTM

D 56-97a

Flash Point by Tag Closed Tester

4.1.3.1.(1)

ASTM

D 93-97

Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed-Cup Tester

4.1.3.1.(2)

ASTM

D 323-94

Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)

1.2.1.2.(1)

ASTM

D 3278-96

Flash Point of Liquids by Small Scale Closed-Cup Apparatus

4.1.3.1.(4)

ASTM

D 3828-97

Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Tester

4.1.3.1.(3)

CCBFC

NRCC 38726

British Columbia Building Code

1.2.1.2.(1)
1.2.2.1.(1)
2.1.2.1.(1)
2.1.3.1.(1)
2.1.3.2.(1)
2.2.1.1.(1)
2.2.1.1.(2)
2.2.1.1.(3)
2.2.2.1.(1)
2.2.2.1.(2)
2.2.2.4.(2)
2.3.1.1.(1)
2.3.1.4.(1)
2.4.1.2.(1)
2.5.1.1.(1)
2.6.1.1.(1)
2.6.1.5.(1)
2.6.1.9.(1)
2.6.2.1.(1)
2.7.1.1.(1)
2.7.1.2.(1)
2.7.1.4.(2)
2.7.3.1.(1)
2.8.1.1.(1)
2.8.2.4.(1)
2.8.2.5.(2)
2.8.3.1.(1)
2.8.3.2.(1)
2.9.1.1.(1)
2.9.3.6.(1)
2.10.1.1.(1)
2.11.1.1.(1)
2.13.2.1.(1)
2.13.2.2.(2)
2.14.1.3.(1)
3.2.6.2.(1)
3.2.7.12.(3)
3.3.2.5.(1)
4.1.7.1.(1)
4.2.7.5.(2)
4.2.11.3.(1)
4.3.2.4.(2)
4.3.3.2.(1)
4.3.13.4.(1)
4.4.9.2.(3)
4.5.2.2.(3)
4.5.3.2.(2)
5.1.3.1.(1)
5.6.1.11.(1)
5.7.2.2.(1)
6.5.1.1.(1)
6.5.1.7.(1)
7.1.1.1.(1)
7.1.1.2.(1)
7.1.1.2.(2)
7.1.1.4.(2)

CCBFC

NRCC 40383

User's Guide NBC 1995 Fire Protection, Occupant Safety and Accessibility (Part 3)

7.1.1.2.(2)
7.2.3.1.(1)
7.2.3.3.(1)
7.3.2.1.(1)
7.3.3.1.(1)
7.3.4.1.(1)
7.3.5.1.(1)
7.3.6.1.(1)
7.3.7.1.(1)
7.3.8.1.(1)
7.3.9.1.(1)
7.3.10.1.(1)
7.3.11.1.(1)
7.3.12.1.(1)
7.3.13.1.(1)
7.3.14.1.(1)
7.3.15.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-4.162-M80

Hospital Textiles Flammability Performance Requirements

2.3.2.3.(1)

CGSB

20-GP-12Ma-1989

Braided Water Hose, Knitted or Spiral Wound Reinforcement

6.2.3.4.(1)

CPPI

 

Using the CPPI Colour-Symbol System to Mark Equipment and Vehicles for Product Identification (1990)

4.3.1.7.(1)
4.4.4.1.(3)
4.4.8.7.(1)

CPPI

PACE Report No. 87-1

Impressed Current Method of Cathodic Protection of Underground Petroleum Storage Tanks

4.3.9.1.(2)
4.4.3.1.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B44-94

Safety Code for Elevators

7.2.2.1.(2)

CSA

B51-97

Boiler, Pressure Vessel, and Pressure Piping Code

4.3.1.3.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B139-M91

Installation Code for Oil Burning Equipment

4.1.1.1.(3)

CSA

B306-M1977

Portable Fuel Tanks for Marine Use

4.2.3.1.(1)

CSA

B346-M1980

Power-Operated Dispensing Devices for Flammable Liquids

4.5.3.1.(1)

CSA

B376-M1980

Portable Containers for Gasoline and Other Petroleum Fuels

4.2.3.1.(1)

CSA

B620-1987

Highway Tanks and Portable Tanks for the Transportation of Dangerous Goods

4.2.3.1.(1)

CSA

C22.1-94

British Columbia Electrical Safety Act and Pursuant Regulations

3.1.4.1.(1)
4.1.4.1.(1)
5.1.2.1.(1)
5.1.2.2.(1)
5.3.1.2.(2)
5.3.1.2.(3)
5.3.1.10.(2)
5.4.6.1.(1)
5.5.3.4.(1)
5.7.3.4.(1)
5.7.5.4.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-C282-M89

Emergency Electrical Power Supply for Buildings

6.7.1.1.(1)
6.7.1.4.(1)

CSA

W117.2-94

Safety in Welding, Cutting and Allied Processes

5.2.1.1.(2)

CSA

Z245.1-93

Steel Line Pipe

4.4.2.1.(4)

HC

 

Hazardous Products Act and its Regulations

4.2.3.2.(2)

HC

 

Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) of the Hazardous Products Act

1.2.2.1.(1)
Table 3.2.7.1
3.2.7.15.(2)

IMO

 

International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (1992)

3.3.4.8.(1)

NFPA

10-1994

Portable Fire Extinguishers

3.2.4.5.(1)
6.2.1.1.(1)
Table 6.2.3.3.
Table 6.2.3.5.
6.2.4.1.(1)

NFPA

11-1994

Low Expansion Foam and Combined Agent Systems

4.3.2.5.(2)
6.8.1.1.(1)

NFPA

11A-1994

Medium and High Expansion Foam Systems

6.8.1.1.(1)

NFPA

12-1993

Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing Systems

6.8.1.1.(1)

NFPA

12A-1997

Halon 1301 Fire Extinguishing Systems

6.8.1.1.(1)

NFPA

12B-1990

Halon 1211 Fire Extinguishing Systems

6.8.1.1.(1)

NFPA

13-1996

Installation of Sprinkler Systems

3.2.3.3.(2)

NFPA

14-1996

Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems

6.4.1.1.(1)

NFPA

15-1996

Water Spray Fixed Systems for Fire Protection

4.3.2.5.(2)
6.8.1.1.(1)

NFPA

16-1995

Deluge Foam-Water Sprinkler Systems and Foam-Water Spray Systems

6.8.1.1.(1)

NFPA

17-1994

Dry Chemical Extinguishing Systems

6.8.1.1.(1)

NFPA

17A-1994

Wet Chemical Extinguishing Systems

6.8.1.1.(1)

NFPA

18-1995

Wetting Agents

6.8.1.1.(1)

NFPA

30-1996

Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code

4.2.7.7.(1)

NFPA

30B-1994

Manufacture and Storage of Aerosol Products

3.2.5.2.(1)
3.2.5.5.(1)

NFPA

32-1996

Drycleaning Plants

5.6.2.1.(1)

NFPA

37-1994

Installation and Use of Stationary Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines

4.3.12.2.(1)

NFPA

51-1997

Design and Installation of Oxygen-Fuel Gas Systems for Welding, Cutting and Allied Processes

5.2.2.4.(1)

NFPA

68-1994

Venting of Deflagrations

3.2.8.2.(1)
4.2.9.6.(1)
4.3.13.3.(1)
4.8.3.1.(1)
4.8.4.2.(1)
5.3.1.6.(2)
5.6.1.5.(1)

NFPA

69-1997

Explosion Prevention Systems

4.3.2.5.(2)
4.8.4.2.(1)
5.3.1.7.(2)

NFPA

72-1990

Installation, Maintenance and Use of Protective Signalling Systems

6.3.1.4.(1)

NFPA

82-1994

Incinerators, Waste and Linen Handling Systems and Equipment

2.6.2.2.(1)

NFPA

86-1995

Ovens and Furnaces

5.6.1.7.(1)

NFPA

91-1995

Exhaust Systems for Air-Conveying of Materials

3.2.2.3.(6)
5.3.1.3.(2)
5.3.2.1.(1)
5.7.4.3.(1)

NFPA

96-1998

Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Equipment

2.6.1.9.(2)

NFPA

170-1994

Standard for Fire Safety Symbols

2.8.2.7.(4)

NFPA

231-1995

General Storage

3.2.1.1.(1)
3.2.2.4.(3)
3.2.3.3.(2)
3.2.3.3.(3)

NFPA

231C-1995

Rack Storage of Materials

3.2.3.3.(2)
3.2.3.3.(3)

NFPA

231D-1994

Storage of Rubber Tires

3.2.4.3.(1)

NFPA

303-1995

Fire Protection Standard for Marinas and Boatyards

2.16.1.1.(1)

NFPA

505-1996

Powered Industrial Trucks

3.1.3.1.(1)

NFPA

664-1993

Prevention of Fires and Explosions in Wood Processing and Woodworking Facilities

5.3.2.1.(1)

NFPA

701-1996

Fire Tests for Flame-Resistant Textiles and Films

2.3.2.2.(1)
2.9.2.1.(1)

NRCan

 

Explosives Act and its Regulations

3.1.1.3.(1)
5.1.1.2.(1)

NRCan

 

Fireworks Manual (1991)

5.1.1.3.(1)

TC

 

Airport Regulations of the Aeronautics Act

2.13.1.1.(1)

TC

 

Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act (Canada) and its Regulations (TDGR)

1.2.1.2.(1)
1.2.2.1.(1)
3.1.2.1.(1)
3.1.2.5.(1)
Table 3.2.7.1.
3.2.7.1.(2)
3.2.7.14.(1)
3.2.7.14.(4)
3.2.7.15.(2)
3.3.4.1.(3)
4.1.1.1.(3)
4.2.3.1.(1)
4.2.3.2.(2)

TC

CTC 1977-3 RAIL

Pipe Crossings under Railways
(No. E-10) Regulations

4.4.7.4.(3)

TC

CTC 1982-8 RAIL

Railway Prevention of Electric Sparks Regulations

4.6.4.5.(2)
4.7.5.1.(1)

TC

General Order No. O-32

Flammable Liquids Bulk Storage Regulations

4.4.7.4.(4)
4.6.2.2.(1)
4.6.4.1.(2)

TC

General Order No. O-36

Ammonium Nitrate Storage Facilities Regulations

3.2.9.2.(1)

ULC

C558-1975

Internal Combustion Engine-Powered Industrial Trucks

3.1.3.1.(2)

ULC

C583-1974

Electric Battery Powered Industrial Trucks

3.1.3.1.(3)

ULC

C842-M1984

Valves for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.4.8.1.(1)

ULC

C1275-1984

Storage Cabinets for Flammable Liquid Containers

4.2.10.5.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S109-M87

Flame Tests of Flame-Resistant Fabrics and Films

2.3.2.1.(1)

ULC

CAN4-S111-M95

Fire Tests for Air Filter Units

5.4.3.3.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S503-M90

Carbon Dioxide Hand and Wheeled Fire Extinguishers

6.2.1.2.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S504-M86

Dry Chemical and Dry Powder Hand and Wheeled Fire Extinguishers

6.2.1.2.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S507-92

9 Litre Stored Pressure Water Type Fire Extinguishers

6.2.1.2.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S508-M90

Rating and Fire Testing of Fire Extinguishers and Class D Extinguishing Media

6.2.2.2.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S512-M87

Halogenated Agent Hand and Wheeled Fire Extinguishers

6.2.1.2.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S531-M87

Smoke Alarms

2.1.3.3.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S536-M97

Inspection and Testing of Fire Alarm Systems

6.3.1.2.(1)

ULC

ULC-S601-93

Shop Fabricated Steel Aboveground Horizontal Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.3.1.2.(1)

ULC

CAN4-S601(A)-1991

Shop Refurbishing of Steel Aboveground Horizontal Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.10.4.2.(3)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S602-M92

Aboveground Steel Tanks for Fuel Oil and Lubricating Oil

4.3.1.2.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S603-92

Steel Underground Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.3.1.2.(1)
4.3.15.4.(5)

ULC

CAN4-S603(A)-1992

Refurbishing of Steel Underground Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.10.4.2.(3)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S603.1-92

Galvanic Corrosion Protection Systems for Steel Underground Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.3.1.2.(1)
4.3.8.5.(1)
4.3.9.1.(1)
4.4.3.1.(2)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S612-M88

Hose for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.5.5.1.(1)

ULC

CAN4-S615-M83

Reinforced Plastic Underground Tanks for Petroleum Products

4.3.1.2.(1)
4.3.8.5.(2)
4.3.15.4.(5)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S620-M90

Hose Nozzle Valves for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.4.8.1.(2)
4.5.5.2.(1)

ULC

ULC-S630-93

Shop Fabricated Steel Aboveground Vertical Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.3.1.2.(1)
4.3.3.2.(1)

ULC

CAN4-S630(A)-1991

Shop Refurbishing of Steel Aboveground Vertical Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.10.4.2.(3)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S633-M90

Flexible Underground Hose Connectors for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.4.7.13.(2)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S642-M87

Compounds and Tapes for Threaded Pipe Joints

4.4.5.1.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S643-M90

Shop Fabricated Steel Aboveground Utility Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.3.1.2.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S644-M90

Emergency Breakaway Fittings for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.5.5.2.(4)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S651-M90

Emergency Valves for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.4.8.1.(3)
4.5.6.3.(1)

ULC

ULC-S652-93

Tank Assemblies for Collection of Used Oil

4.3.1.2.(1)

ULC

ULC-S653-94

Aboveground Steel Contained Tank Assemblies for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.3.1.2.(1)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C30-1995

Safety Containers

4.1.5.9.(2)
4.2.3.1.(1)
4.2.6.4.(1)
5.7.5.2.(2)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C58.9-1997

Secondary Containment Liners for Underground and Aboveground Flammable and Combustible Liquid Tanks

4.3.7.2.(2)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C58.10-1992

Jacketed Steel Underground Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.3.1.2.(1)
4.3.9.1.(2)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C58.12-1992

Leak Detection Devices (Volumetric Type) for Underground Flammable Liquid Storage Tanks

4.3.15.1.(3)
4.3.16.2.(1)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C58.14-1992

Nonvolumetric Leak Detection Devices for Underground Flammable Liquid Storage Tanks

4.3.15.1.(3)
4.3.16.2.(1)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C58.15-1992

Overfill Protection Devices for Flammable Liquid Storage Tanks

4.3.1.8.(1)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C107.4-1992

Ducted Flexible Underground Piping Systems for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.4.2.1.(3)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C107.7-1993

Glass Fibre Reinforced Plastic Pipe and Fittings for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.4.2.1.(3)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C107.12-1992

Line Leak Detection Devices for Flammable Liquid Piping

4.4.6.7.(1)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C142.5-1992

Concrete Encased Steel Aboveground Tank Assemblies for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.3.1.2.(1)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C142.16-1994

Protected Aboveground Tank Assemblies for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.3.1.2.(1)
4.3.2.1.(7)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C142.23-1991

Aboveground Waste Oil Tanks

4.3.1.2.(1)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C410A-1994

Absorbents for Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.1.6.3.(4)

 

Section 1.2.Definitions

1.2.1.Terms

1.2.1.1.Non-Defined Terms

1) Words and phrases that are not included in the list of definitions in Article 1.2.1.2. shall have the meanings which are commonly assigned to them in the context in which they are used in this Code, taking into account the specialized use of terms by the various trades and professions to which the terminology applies.

1.2.1.2.Defined Terms

1) The words and terms used in this Code that are in italics have the following meanings:

Access to exit means that part of a means of egress within a floor area that provides access to an exit serving the floor area.

Act means the Fire Services Act.

Air-supported structure means a structure consisting of a pliable membrane which achieves and maintains its shape and support by internal air pressure.

Alarm Signal means an audible signal transmitted throughout a zone or zones or throughout a building to advise occupants that a fire emergency exists.

Alert Signal means an audible signal to advise designated persons of a fire emergency.

Appliance means a device to convert fuel into energy and includes all components, controls, wiring and piping required to be part of the device by the applicable standard referred to in this Code.

Assembly occupancy (Group A) means the occupancy or the use of a building, or part thereof, by a gathering of persons for civic, political, travel, religious, social, educational, recreational or like purposes, or for the consumption of food or drink.

Atmospheric storage tank means a storage tank designed to operate at pressures from atmospheric to 3.5 kPa (gauge).

Authority having jurisdiction means the fire commissioner, inspectors and local assistants to the fire commissioner.

Basement means a storey or storeys of a building located below the first storey.

Breeching means a flue pipe or chamber for receiving flue gases from one or more flue connections and for discharging these gases through a single flue connection.

Building means any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.

Business and personal services occupancy (Group D) means the occupancy or use of a building or part thereof for the transaction of business or the rendering or receiving of professional or personal services.

Care or detention occupancy (Group B) means the occupancy or use of a building or part thereof by persons who require special care or treatment because of cognitive or physical limitations or by persons who are restrained from, or are incapable of, self preservation because of security measures not under their control.

Chimney means a primarily vertical shaft enclosing at least one flue for conducting flue gases to the outdoors.

Class A fire means a fire involving combustible materials such as wood, cloth and paper.

Class B fire means a fire involving a flammable liquid or combustible liquid, fat or grease.

Class C fire means a fire involving energized electrical equipment.

Class D fire means a fire involving a combustible metal.

Closed container means a container so sealed by means of a lid or other device that neither liquid nor vapour will escape from it at ordinary temperatures.

Closure means a device or assembly for closing an opening through a fire separation or an exterior wall, such as a door, a shutter, wired glass or glass block, and includes all components such as hardware, closing devices, frames and anchors.

Combustible construction means that type of construction that does not meet the requirements for noncombustible construction.

Combustible dusts means dusts and particles ignitable and liable to produce an explosion.

Combustible fibres means finely divided combustible vegetable or animal fibres and thin sheets or flakes of such materials which in a loose, unbaled condition present a flash fire hazard, including cotton, wool, hemp, sisal, jute, kapok, paper and cloth.

Combustible liquid means a liquid having a flash point at or above 37.8C and below 93.3C. (See Subsection 4.1.2.)

Community care facilities means community care facilities as defined in the Community Care Facility Act.

Dangerous goods means those products or substances which are regulated by the "Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act (Canada)" and its Regulations. (See Table 3.2.7.1.)

Distilled beverage alcohol means a beverage that is produced by fermentation and contains more than 20% by volume of water-miscible alcohol.

Distillery means a process plant where distilled beverage alcohols are produced, concentrated or otherwise processed, and includes facilities on the same site where the concentrated products may be blended, mixed, stored or packaged.

Dwelling unit means a suite operated as a housekeeping unit, used or intended to be used as a domicile by one or more persons and usually containing cooking, eating, living, sleeping and sanitary facilities.

Electrical service room means a room or space provided in a building to accommodate building electrical service equipment and constructed in accordance with the British Columbia Building Code.

Electrical service vault means an isolated enclosure, either above or below ground, with fire resisting walls, ceilings and floors for the purpose of housing transformers and other electrical equipment.

Exit means that part of a means of egress, including doorways, that leads from the floor area it serves, to a separate building, an open public thoroughfare, or an exterior open space protected from fire exposure from the building and having access to an open public thoroughfare. (See Appendix A.)

Fire compartment means an enclosed space in a building that is separated from all other parts of the building by enclosing construction providing a fire separation having a required fire-resistance rating.

Fire damper means a closure which consists of a damper installed in an air distribution system or a wall or floor assembly, which is normally held open but designed to close automatically in the event of a fire in order to maintain the integrity of the fire separation.

Fire detector means a device which detects a fire condition and automatically initiates an electrical signal to actuate an alert signal or an alarm signal, and includes heat detectors and smoke detectors.

Fire-protection rating means the time in hours or fraction thereof that a closure will withstand the passage of flame when exposed to fire under specified conditions of test and performance criteria, or as otherwise prescribed in the British Columbia Building Code.

Fire-resistance rating means the time in hours or fraction thereof that a material or assembly of materials will withstand the passage of flame and the transmission of heat when exposed to fire under specified conditions of test and performance criteria, or as determined by extension or interpretation of information derived therefrom as prescribed in the British Columbia Building Code.

Fire separation means a construction assembly that acts as a barrier against the spread of fire. (See Appendix A.)

Fire stop flap means a device intended for use in horizontal assemblies required to have a fire-resistance rating and incorporating protective ceiling membranes, which operates to close off a duct opening through the membrane in the event of a fire.

Firewall means a type of fire separation of noncombustible construction which subdivides a building or separates adjoining buildings to resist the spread of fire and which has a fire-resistance rating as prescribed in this Code and has structural stability to remain intact under fire conditions for the required fire-rated time.

First storey means the uppermost storey having its floor level not more than 2 m above grade.

Flame-spread rating means an index or classification indicating the extent of spread-of-flame on the surface of a material or an assembly of materials as determined in a standard fire test as prescribed in the British Columbia Building Code.

Flammable liquid means a liquid having a flash point below 37.8C and having a vapour pressure not more than 275.8 kPa (absolute) at 37.8C as determined by ASTM D 323, "Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)." (See Subsection 4.1.2.)

Flash point means the minimum temperature at which a liquid within a container gives off vapour in sufficient concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid. (See Subsection 4.1.3.)

Floor area means the space on any storey of a building between exterior walls and required firewalls, including the space occupied by interior walls and partitions, but not including exits, verticle service spaces, and their enclosing assemblies.

Flue means an enclosed passageway for conveying flue gases.

Flue collar means the portion of a fuel-fired appliance designed for the attachment of the flue pipe or breeching.

Flue pipe means the pipe connecting the flue collar of an appliance to a chimney.

Fuel dispensing station means any premises at which flammable liquids or combustible liquids are dispensed from fixed equipment into the fuel tank of a motor vehicle or watercraft.

Heat detector means a fire detector designed to operate at a pre-determined temperature or rate of temperature rise.

High hazard industrial occupancy (Group F, Division 1) means an industrial occupancy containing sufficient quantities of highly combustible and flammable or explosive materials which, because of their inherent characteristics, constitute a special fire hazard.

Individual storage area means the area occupied by piles, bin boxes, racks or shelves, including subsidiary aisles providing access to the stored products, which is separated from adjacent storage by aisles not less than 2.4 m in width. (See Appendix A.)

Industrial occupancy (Group F) means the occupancy or use of a building or part thereof for the assembling, fabricating, manufacturing, processing, repairing or storing of goods and materials.

Inspector means an inspector with the Office of the Fire Commissioner.

Interconnected floor space means superimposed floor areas or parts of floor areas in which floor assemblies that are required to be fire separations are penetrated by openings that are not provided with closures.

Low hazard industrial occupancy (Group F, Division 3) means an industrial occupancy in which the combustible content is not more than 50 kg/m2 or 1 200 MJ/m2 of floor area.

Low pressure storage tank means a storage tank designed to operate at pressures greater than 3.5 kPa (gauge) to 100 kPa (gauge).

Lower explosive limit means the minimum concentration of vapour in air at which the propagation of flame occurs on contact with a source of ignition.

Major occupancy means the principal occupancy for which a building or a part thereof is used or intended to be used, and shall be deemed to include the subsidiary occupancies which are an integral part of the principal occupancy.

Marine fuel dispensing station means a fuel dispensing station at which flammable liquids or combustible liquids are put into the fuel tanks of watercraft.

Means of egress means a continuous path of travel provided for the escape of persons from any point in a building or contained open space to a separate building, an open public thoroughfare, or an exterior open space protected from fire exposure from the building and having access to an open public thoroughfare. Means of egress includes exits and access to exits.

Medium hazard industrial occupancy (Group F, Division 2) means an industrial occupancy in which the combustible content is more than 50 kg/m2 or 1 200 MJ/m2 of floor area and not classified as high hazard industrial occupancy.

Mercantile occupancy (Group E) means the occupancy or use of a building or part thereof for the displaying or selling of retail goods, wares or merchandise.

Noncombustible construction means that type of construction in which a degree of fire safety is attained by the use of noncombustible materials for structural members and other building assemblies.

Occupancy means the use or intended use of a building or part thereof for the shelter or support of persons, animals or property.

Occupant load means the number of persons for which a building or part thereof is designed.

Order means and includes a remedial action, an approval, a decision, a determination, a permit and the exercise of a discretion made under this Code.

Partition means an interior wall 1 storey or part-storey in height that is not loadbearing.

Pressure vessel means a storage tank designed to operate at pressures greater than 100 kPa (gauge).

Process plant means an industrial occupancy where materials, including flammable liquids, combustible liquids or Class 2 gases, are produced or used in a process. (See Table 3.2.7.1.)

Public corridor means a corridor that provides access to exit from more than one suite. (See Appendix A.)

Rack means any combination of vertical, horizontal or diagonal members that support stored materials on solid or open shelves, including both fixed and portable units.

Refinery means any process plant in which flammable liquids or combustible liquids are produced from crude petroleum, including areas on the same site where the resulting products are blended, packaged or stored on a commercial scale.

Residential occupancy (Group C) means the occupancy or use of a building or part thereof by persons for whom sleeping accommodation is provided but who are not harboured or detained to receive medical care or treatment or are not involuntarily detained.

Self-service outlet means a fuel dispensing station other than a marine fuel dispensing station where the public handles the dispenser.

Service room means a room provided in a building to contain equipment associated with building services. (See Appendix A.)

Service space means space provided in a building to facilitate or conceal the installation of building service facilities such as chutes, ducts, pipes, shafts or wires.

Smoke alarm means a combined smoke detector and audible alarm device designed to sound an alarm within the room or suite in which it is located upon the detection of smoke within that room or suite.

Smoke detector means a fire detector designed to operate when the concentration of airborne combustion products exceeds a pre-determined level.

Spray booth means a power-ventilated structure provided to enclose or accommodate a spraying operation so that spray vapour and residue can be controlled and exhausted.

Spraying area means the area that is within 6 m of any part of a spray booth and that is not separated therefrom by a vapour-tight separation.

Sprinklered (as applying to a building or part thereof) means that the building or part thereof is equipped with a system of automatic sprinklers.

Storage tank means a vessel for flammable liquids or combustible liquids having a capacity of more than 230 L, and designed to be installed in a fixed location.

Storey means that portion of a building which is situated between the top of any floor and the top of the floor next above it, and if there is no floor above it, that portion between the top of such floor and the ceiling above it.

Street means any highway, road, boulevard, square or other improved thoroughfare 9 m or more in width, which has been dedicated or deeded for public use, and is accessible to fire department vehicles and equipment.

Suite means a single room or series of rooms of complementary use, operated under a single tenancy, and includes dwelling units, individual guest rooms in motels, hotels, boarding houses, rooming houses and dormitories as well as individual stores and individual or complementary rooms for business and personal service occupancies. (See Appendix A.)

Supervisory staff means those occupants of a building who have some delegated responsibility for the fire safety of other occupants under the fire safety plan.

Tank vehicle means any vehicle, other than railroad tank cars and boats, with a cargo tank having a capacity of more than 450 L, mounted or built as an integral part of the vehicle and used for the transportation of flammable liquids or combustible liquids and including tank trucks, trailers and semi-trailers.

Unstable liquid means a liquid, including flammable liquids and combustible liquids, which is chemically reactive to the extent that it will vigorously react or decompose at or near normal temperature and pressure conditions or which is chemically unstable when subject to impact.

Vertical service space means a shaft oriented essentially vertically that is provided in a building to facilitate the installation of building services including mechanical, electrical and plumbing installations and facilities such as elevators, refuse chutes and linen chutes.

1.2.2.Abbreviations and Symbols

1.2.2.1.Abbreviations of Proper Names

1) The abbreviations of proper names in this Code shall have the meanings assigned to them in this Article. The appropriate addresses are shown in brackets following the name.

AAFC---------- Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (Sir John Carling Building, 930 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0C5)

ACGIH--------- American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (1330 Kemper Meadow Drive, Cincinnati, Ohio 45240 U.S.A.)

AECB---------- Atomic Energy Control Board (280 Slater Street, P.O. Box 1046, Station B, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5S9)

ANSI----------- American National Standards Institute (11 West 42nd Street, 13th Floor, New York, New York 10036 U.S.A.)

API------------- American Petroleum Institute (1220 L Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20005 U.S.A.)

ASME---------- American Society of Mechanical Engineers (22 Law Drive, Fairfield, New Jersey 07007 U.S.A.)

ASTM---------- American Society for Testing and Materials (1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103-1187 U.S.A.)

BCBC---------- British Columbia Building Code

BCFC----------- British Columbia Fire Code

CAN------------ National Standard of Canada designation (The number or name following the CAN designation represents the agency under whose auspices the standard is issued. CAN1 designates CGA, CAN2 designates CGSB, CAN3 designates CSA, and CAN4 designates ULC.)

CCBFC--------- Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes (National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6)

CGA------------ Canadian Gas Association (International Approval Services, 55 Scarsdale Road, Don Mills, Ontario M3B 2R3)

CGAI----------- The Compressed Gas Association Incorporated (1725 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1004, Arlington, Virginia 22202-4102 U.S.A.)

CGSB----------- Canadian General Standards Board (222 Queen Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 1G6)

CPPI------------ Canadian Petroleum Products Institute (275 Slater Street, Suite 1000, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5H9)

CSA------------- Canadian Standards Association (178 Rexdale Boulevard, Etobicoke, Ontario M9W 1R3)

FMEC---------- Factory Mutual Engineering Corporation (1151 Boston-Providence Turnpike, P.O. Box 9102, Norwood, Massachusetts 02062 U.S.A.)

HC-------------- Health Canada (Communications Directorate, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K9)

IAO------------- Insurers' Advisory Organization (1989) Inc. (18 King Street East, Suite 700, Toronto, Ontario M5C 1C4)

ICAO----------- International Civil Aviation Organization (1000 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2R2)

IMO------------- International Maritime Organization (4 Albert Embankment, London, SE1 7SR United Kingdom)

IRC------------- Institute for Research in Construction (National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6)

IRI-------------- Industrial Risk Insurers (85 Woodland Street, Hartford, Connecticut 06102-5010 U.S.A.)

NFPA----------- National Fire Protection Association (Batterymarch Park, Quincy, Massachusetts 02269 U.S.A.)

NRC------------ National Research Council of Canada (Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6)

NRCan--------- Natural Resources Canada (580 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0E4)

OCIMF--------- Oil Companies International Marine Forum (96 Victoria Street, 15th Floor, London, SW1E 5JW United Kingdom)

RMA------------ The Rubber Manufacturers Association, Inc. (1400 K Street N.W., Suite 900, Washington, D.C. 20005 U.S.A.)

TC--------------- Transport Canada (Public Affairs, Tower C, Place de Ville, 330 Sparks Street, 28th Floor, Ottawa K1A 0N5)

TDGR---------- Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations (see TC)

UL-------------- Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (333 Pfingsten Road, Northbrook, Illinois 60062-2096 U.S.A.)

ULC------------ Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada (7 Crouse Road, Scarborough, Ontario M1R 3A9)

UN-------------- United Nations (United Nations Plaza, New York, New York 10017 U.S.A.)

WHMIS-------- Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (see HC)

1.2.2.2.Symbols and Other Abbreviations

1) Symbols and other abbreviations in this Code shall have the meanings assigned to them in this Article.

cm--------------- centimetre(s)

C--------------- degree(s) Celsius

h----------------- hour(s)

kg---------------- kilogram(s)

kPa-------------- kilopascal(s)

L----------------- litre(s)

m---------------- metre(s)

max.------------- maximum

min.------------- minimum

min-------------- minute(s)

MJ--------------- megajoule(s)

mL-------------- millilitre(s)

mm-------------- millimetre(s)

mm2/s----------- centistoke(s)

N/A------------- not applicable

No.-------------- number(s)

pS/m------------ pico Siemens per metre

s----------------- second(s)

>----------------- greater than

----------- less than or equal to

%---------------- per cent

Part 2Building and Occupant Fire Safety

Section 2.1.General

2.1.1.Scope

2.1.1.1.Application

1) This Part provides for the safety of the occupants in existing buildings, the elimination or control of fire hazards in and around buildings, the installation and maintenance of certain life safety systems in buildings, the installation and maintenance of posted signs and information, and the establishing of a fire safety plan in those occupancies where it is considered necessary.

2.1.2.Classification of Buildings

2.1.2.1.Classification

1) For the purpose of applying this Code, every building or part thereof shall be classified according to its major occupancy in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code. (See Appendix A.)

2.1.2.2.Hazardous Activities

1) Activities which create a hazard and which are not allowed for in the original design shall not be carried out in a building unless provisions are made to control the hazard in conformance with this Code. (See Appendix A.)

2) No major occupancy of Group F, Division 1 shall be contained within a building with any occupancy classified as an assembly, care or detention or residential occupancy.

2.1.3.Fire Safety Installations

2.1.3.1.Fire Alarm, Standpipe and Sprinkler Systems

1) Fire alarm, standpipe and sprinkler systems shall be provided in all buildings where required by and in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code. (See Appendix A.)

2) When changes in the use of buildings or floor areas create a hazard exceeding the criteria for which the fire protection systems were designed, such fire protection systems shall be upgraded to accommodate the increased hazard.

2.1.3.2.Voice Communication Systems

1) A voice communication system or systems integrated with the general fire alarm system shall be provided in buildings as specified in Subsection 3.2.6. of the British Columbia Building Code.

2.1.3.3.Smoke Alarms

1) Smoke alarms conforming to CAN/ULC S531-M "Smoke Alarms" shall be provided in all hotels and public buildings as defined in the Act, where required by and in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code.

2) Smoke alarms shall be installed, inspected, tested and maintained in conformance with the manufacturers' instructions.

3) Smoke alarms may be battery operated where permitted by the authority having jurisdiction.

2.1.4.Posted Information

2.1.4.1.Posting

1) Where a sign, notice, placard or information is required to be posted, it shall be

a) clearly legible, and

b) except as provided in Sentence (2), permanently mounted in a conspicuous or prominent location in proximity to the situation to which it refers.

2) Where the situation for which posting is required is of a temporary nature, permanent mounting need not be provided.

2.1.4.2.Maintenance

1) Every sign, notice, placard or information that is required to be posted shall be maintained in conformance with Article 2.1.4.1.

Section 2.2.Fire Separations

2.2.1.General

2.2.1.1.Fire Separations

1) Where a building contains more than one major occupancy, such occupancies shall be separated from each other in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code.

2) Where rooms or spaces within a building contain a high hazard industrial occupancy, such occupancy shall be separated from the remainder of the building by fire separations in conformance with this Code and the British Columbia Building Code.

3) Rooms, corridors, shafts and other spaces shall be separated where practicable by fire separations conforming to the British Columbia Building Code.

2.2.1.2.Damage to Fire Separations

1) Where fire separations are damaged so as to affect their integrity, they shall be repaired so that the integrity of the fire separation is maintained.

2.2.2.Closures

2.2.2.1.Openings in Fire Separations

1) Openings in fire separations shall be protected with closures in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code.

2) Where closures in fire separations are replaced, the replacements shall be in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code.

2.2.2.2.Damage to Closures

1) Where closures are damaged so as to affect the integrity of their fire-protection rating, such damaged closures shall be repaired so that the integrity of the closures is maintained in conformance with Article 2.2.2.1.

2.2.2.3.Protective Guarding Devices

1) Protective guarding devices shall be

a) provided where necessary to prevent damage to the mechanical components of doors in fire separations, and

b) installed so as not to interfere with the proper operation of the doors.

2.2.2.4.Inspection and Maintenance

1) Defects that interfere with the operation of closures in fire separations shall be corrected, and such closures shall be maintained to ensure that they are operable at all times by

a) keeping fusible links and other heat-actuated devices undamaged and free of paint and dirt,

b) keeping guides, bearings and stay rolls clean and lubricated,

c) making necessary adjustments and repairs to door hardware and accessories to ensure proper closing and latching, and

d) repairing or replacing inoperative parts of hold-open devices and automatic releasing devices.

2) Doors in fire separations shall be inspected at intervals not greater than 24 h to ensure that they remain closed unless the door is equipped with a hold-open device conforming to the British Columbia Building Code.

3) Doors in fire separations shall be operated at intervals not greater than one month to ensure that they are properly maintained in accordance with Sentence (1), as specified in the fire safety plan prepared in conformance with Section 2.8.

4) Closures in fire separations shall not be obstructed or altered in any way that would prevent the normal operation of the closure.

5) Fire dampers and fire stop flaps shall be inspected at intervals not greater than 12 months to ensure that they are in place and are not obviously damaged or obstructed.

2.2.3.Fire Doors

2.2.3.1.Fire Door Signs

1) Every door used as a closure with a required fire protection rating shall have a permanent sign acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction, posted on the visible side of the door when it is in the open position, with the words "FIRE DOOR KEEP CLOSED" except where the door is

a) located between a corridor and an adjacent sleeping room in hospitals ornursing homes,

b) located between a corridor and an adjacent classroom,

c) located between a public corridor and a suite of Group C or D occupancy, or

d) fitted with an acceptable hold-open device designed to be released by a signal from a fire detector, fire alarm system or sprinkler system. (See Appendix A.)

Section 2.3. Interior Finishing, Furnishing and Decorative Materials

2.3.1.General

2.3.1.1.Interior Finish

1) The interior finish material that forms part of the interior surface of a floor, wall, partition or ceiling shall conform to the British Columbia Building Code.

2.3.1.2.Movable Partitions and Screens

1) Movable partitions or screens, including acoustical screens, shall have a flame-spread rating not greater than that required for the interior finish of the area in which they are located.

2.3.1.3.Decorative Materials

1) Decorative materials on walls or ceilings shall have a flame-spread rating not greater than that required for the interior finish of the space in which they are located.

2.3.1.4.Interconnected Floor Spaces

1) Combustible contents in interconnected floor spaces in which the ceiling is more than 8 m above the floor, shall not exceed the limit specified in Subsection 3.2.8. of the British Columbia Building Code.

2.3.1.5.Combustible Materials Within Classrooms

1) Combustible materials such as teaching aids, notices and pupil work attached to walls or ceilings in school classrooms shall not exceed 20% of the area of such walls or ceilings.

2.3.2.Flame Resistance

2.3.2.1.Drapes, Curtains and Decorative Materials

1) Drapes, curtains and other decorative materials including textiles and films used in buildings shall conform to CAN/ULC-S109-M, "Flame Tests of Flame-Resistant Fabrics and Films" when such drapes, curtains and other decorative materials are used in

a) any assembly occupancy or Group B, Division 1 care or detention occupancy,

b) any lobby or exit, or

c) any open floor areas exceeding 500 m2 in any business and personal services, mercantile or industrial occupancy, except when the floor area is divided into fire compartments not exceeding 500 m2 in area and separated from the remainder of the floor area by fire separations having at least a 1 h fire-resistance rating.

2.3.2.2.Flame Retardant Treatments

1) Flame retardant treatments shall be renewed as often as required to ensure that the material will pass the match flame test in NFPA 701, "Fire Tests for Flame-Resistant Textiles and Films." (See Appendix A.)

2.3.2.3.Hospital Textiles

1) Mattresses, bed linen, window drapes and cubicle curtains used in Group B, Division 2 care or detention occupancies shall conform to CAN/CGSB-4.162-M, "Hospital Textiles - Flammability Performance Requirements."

Section 2.4.Fire Hazards

2.4.1.Combustible Materials

2.4.1.1.Accumulation of Combustible Materials

1) Combustible waste materials in and around buildings shall not be permitted to accumulate in quantities or locations that will constitute an undue fire hazard. (See Appendix A.)

2) Combustible materials, other than those for which the location, room or space is designed, shall not be permitted to accumulate in any part of an elevator shaft, ventilation shaft, means of egress, service room or service space. (See Appendix A.)

3) Horizontal concealed spaces, such as crawl spaces and ceiling spaces, shall not be used for the storage of combustible materials.

4) Combustible materials shall not be stored on a roof or adjacent to any building so as to create a fire hazard to the building or its occupants.

2.4.1.2.Storage Rooms for Combustible Waste Materials

1) Where rooms are provided for the storage of combustible waste materials, such rooms shall conform to the British Columbia Building Code.

2.4.1.3.Waste Receptacles

1) Greasy or oily rags or materials subject to spontaneous ignition shall be deposited in a receptacle conforming to Sentence (4) or be removed from the premises.

2) All ashes shall be stored in receptacles conforming to Sentence (4) and combustible materials shall not be stored with ashes in the same container.

3) Except as permitted in Sentence (4), noncombustible receptacles as required in Sentences (1) and (2) shall not be placed closer than 1 m to combustible materials.

4) A receptacle required in accordance with Sentences (1) and (2) shall

a) be constructed of noncombustible materials,

b) have a close-fitting metal cover, and

c) if the flooring material upon which it is placed is combustible, have a flanged bottom or legs not less than 50 mm high.

2.4.1.4.Lint Traps for Laundry Equipment

1) Lint traps in laundry equipment shall be cleaned after each use of the equipment.

2.4.2.Smoking

2.4.2.1.Smoking Areas

1) Smoking shall not be permitted in areas where conditions are such as to make smoking a fire or explosion hazard.

2) An area where smoking is not permitted in Sentence (1) shall be identified by signs conforming to Article 2.4.2.2.

3) Where smoking is permitted, an adequate number of ash trays shall be provided.

2.4.2.2.Signs

1) Signs prohibiting smoking shall have black lettering not less than 50 mm high with a 12 mm stroke on a yellow background, except that symbols of not less than 150 mm by 150 mm are permitted to be used in lieu of lettering.

2.4.3.Open Flames

2.4.3.1.Open Flames in Processions

1) Open flames whose quantity and method of use create a fire hazard shall not be permitted

a) in assembly occupancies,

b) in dining areas in Group B, Division 2 care or detention occupancies, or

c) in processions.

2.4.3.2.Flaming Meals and Drinks

1) In Group B, Division 2 care or detention occupancies, flaming meals or drinks shall not be served.

2) In assembly occupancies, flaming meals or drinks shall be ignited only at the location of serving.

3) Refuelling of equipment used for flaming meals or drinks or for warming food shall be carried out

a) outside the serving area, and

b) away from ignition sources.

2.4.3.3.Portable Extinguishers

1) A portable extinguisher with a minimum rating of 5-B:C shall be located on the serving cart or table where flaming meals and drinks are being served.

2.4.3.4.Devices Having Open Flames

1) Devices having open flames shall be securely supported in noncombustible holders and shall be located or protected so as to prevent accidental contact of the flame with combustible materials.

2.4.4.Use of Dangerous Goods

2.4.4.1.Flammable and Combustible Liquids

1) Flammable liquids and combustible liquids shall be classified, stored and handled in conformance with Part 4.

2) Class 1 liquids shall not be used for cleaning purposes except where such cleaning is an essential part of a process.

3) Spills of flammable liquids or combustible liquids within buildings shall be removed in conformance with Subsection 4.1.6.

2.4.4.2.Flammable Gases

1) Class 2.1 flammable gases shall not be used to inflate balloons.

2.4.5.Open Air Fires

2.4.5.1.Open Air Fires

1) Except for fires used for cooking in fireplaces, grills or barbecues, open air fires shall not be set unless appropriate measures are taken to limit their spread. (See Appendix A.)

2.4.6.Vacant Buildings

2.4.6.1.Security

1) Vacant buildings shall be secured against unauthorized entry. (See Appendix A.)

2.4.7.Electrical Installations

2.4.7.1.Use and Maintenance

1) Electrical installations shall be used and maintained so as not to constitute an undue fire hazard.

Section 2.5.Fire Department Access to Buildings

2.5.1.General

2.5.1.1.Access to Building

1) Fire department vehicles shall have direct access to at least one face of every building by means of a street, yard or roadway in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code.

2.5.1.2.Access Panels and Windows

1) Access panels or windows provided to facilitate access for fire fighting operations shall be maintained free of obstruction.

2.5.1.3.Access to Roof

1) Where access to a roof is provided for fire fighting purposes, keys shall be provided for locked roof access doors and kept in a location determined in cooperation with the fire department.

2.5.1.4.Access to Fire Department Connections

1) Access to fire department connections for sprinkler or standpipe systems by fire fighters and their equipment shall be maintained free of obstructions at all times.

2.5.1.5.Maintenance of Fire Department Access

1) Streets, yards and roadways provided for fire department access shall be maintained so as to be ready for use at all times by fire department vehicles.

2) Vehicles shall not be parked to obstruct access by fire department vehicles and signs shall be posted prohibiting such parking.

Section 2.6.Service Equipment

2.6.1.Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning

2.6.1.1.Installation

1) Fireplaces, solid fuel burning equipment, chimneys, flue pipes, heating, ventilating and air-conditioning appliances and equipment shall be constructed and installed in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code.

2.6.1.2.Coal and Wood Bins

1) Coal and wood bins shall be located not less than 1.2 m from the appliance served.

2.6.1.3.Hoods, Ducts and Filters

1) Hoods, ducts and filters subject to accumulations of combustible deposits shall be inspected at intervals not greater than 7 days, and shall be cleaned if the accumulation of such deposits creates a fire hazard.

2.6.1.4.Chimneys, Flues and Flue Pipes

1) Every chimney, flue and flue pipe shall be inspected to identify any dangerous condition

a) at intervals not greater than 12 months,

b) at the time of addition of any appliance, and

c) after any chimney fire. (See Appendix A.)

2) Chimneys, flues and flue pipes shall be cleaned as often as necessary to keep them free from dangerous accumulations of combustible deposits. (See Appendix A.)

3) A chimney, flue, or flue pipe shall be replaced or repaired to eliminate

a) any structural deficiency or decay (see Appendix A), and

b) all abandoned or unused openings which are not effectively sealed in a manner that would prevent the passage of fire or smoke.

2.6.1.5.Clearances

1) Required clearances between chimneys, flue pipes or appliance and combustible construction shall be maintained in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code.

2) Combustible materials shall not be located within the required clearance space surrounding chimneys, flue pipes or appliances, or adjacent to ash pit or cleanout doors.

2.6.1.6.Operation and Maintenance Procedures

1) Heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems, including appliances, chimneys and flue pipes, shall be operated and maintained so as not to create a hazardous condition.

2) Except for self-contained systems within dwelling units, disconnect switches for mechanical air-conditioning and ventilating systems shall be operated at intervals not greater than 12 months to establish that the system can be shut down in an emergency.

2.6.1.7.Ventilation Shafts

1) Ventilation shafts shall be used only for ventilating purposes.

2.6.1.8.Repairs and Renovations

1) Work on ducts involving the use of heat producing devices for cutting, welding or soldering shall not be undertaken before

a) the system has been shut down,

b) the duct has been cleaned of any accumulations of combustible deposits, and

c) any combustible lining and covering material that could be ignited by such work has been removed.

2) Precautions shall be taken, where necessary, to ensure that there is no damage to fuel supply piping or equipment that would result in fuel leakage or a fire hazard during renovations or excavation.

2.6.1.9.Commercial Cooking Equipment

1) Commercial cooking equipment exhaust and fire protection systems shall be designed and installed in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code.

2) Except as required in Sentences (3) to (5), the use, inspection and maintenance of commercial cooking equipment exhaust and fire protection systems shall be in conformance with NFPA 96, "Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Equipment"

3) Hoods, grease removal devices, fans, ducts, and other appurtenances shall be cleaned at frequent intervals to prevent surfaces from becoming heavily contaminated with grease or other residues. (See Appendix A.)

4) Flammable cleaning materials or solvents shall not be used for the cleaning of exhaust systems.

5) Instructions for manually operated fire extinguishing installations shall be posted conspicuously in the kitchen as part of the fire safety plan.

6) Commercial cooking equipment which is certified shall be installed and maintained in conformance with its certification.

7) Uncertified commercial cooking equipment shall be installed and maintained so as not to create a fire hazard.

2.6.2.Incinerators

2.6.2.1.Indoor Incinerators

1) The installation and alteration of indoor incinerators shall conform to the British Columbia Building Code.

2.6.2.2.Outdoor Incinerators

1) The design, construction, installation, alteration and maintenance of outdoor incinerators shall conform to NFPA 82, "Incinerators, Waste and Linen Handling Systems and Equipment" except that the flue venting an incinerator shall not serve as the chute conveying waste material to the incinerator.

2.6.2.3.Spark Arresters

1) Spark arresters installed in conformance with Articles 2.6.2.1. and 2.6.2.2. shall be inspected and cleaned at intervals not greater than 12 months or more frequently where accumulations of debris will adversely affect operations.

2) Burnt-out spark arresters shall be repaired or replaced.

2.6.3.Electrical Services

2.6.3.1.Use

1) Storage may be permitted in electrical service rooms in conformance with the British Columbia Electrical Safety Act and pursuant regulations.

2) Electrical equipment vaults shall not be used for storage purposes.

2.6.3.2.Security

1) Electrical equipment vaults and electrical service rooms shall be kept locked so that unauthorized persons will not have access to them.

Section 2.7.Safety to Life

2.7.1.Means of Egress

2.7.1.1.Means of Egress

1) Means of egress shall be provided in buildings in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code.

2.7.1.2.Open Floor Areas

1) Aisles in conformance with Sentences (2) to (4) shall be provided in every floor area that

a) is not subdivided into rooms or suites served by corridors giving access to exits and

b) is required by the British Columbia Building Code to have more than one egress doorway.

2) Every required egress doorway shall be served by an aisle that

a) has a clear width not less than 1100 mm,

b) has access to at least one additional egress doorway, and

c) at every point on the aisle, provides a choice of 2 opposite directions by which to reach an egress doorway.

3) A subsidiary aisle with only a single direction of travel to an aisle described in Sentence (2) is permitted provided it has a clear width not less than 900 mm and a length not greater than

a) 7.5 m in business and personal services, mercantile and high hazard industrial occupancies,

b) 10 m in medium hazard industrial occupancies, or

c) 15 m in low hazard industrial occupancies.

4) Every individual work area in business and personal services occupancies shall be located adjacent to an aisle or subsidiary aisle.

2.7.1.3.Occupant Load

1) Except as permitted by Sentence (2), the maximum permissible occupant load for a floor area or part of a floor area shall be calculated on the basis of the lesser of

a) the number of persons permitted for the type of use, as determined from Table 2.7.1.3., or

b) the occupant load for which means of egress are provided.

2) Where a permanent sign indicates that a floor area or part thereof has been designed in accordance with Subsection 3.1.16. of the British Columbia Building Code for an occupant load other than that determined from Table 3.1.16.1. of the British Columbia Building Code, the occupant load for that area shall be the amount indicated on the sign.

3) The number of persons permitted to enter a room shall not exceed the maximum occupant load calculated in conformance with Sentence (1) or (2). (See Appendix A.)

Table 2.7.1.3.

Occupant Load

Forming Part of Article 2.7.1.3.

Type of Use

Area per
person
m2

Type of Use

Area per
person
m
2

Assembly Uses

space with fixed seats

space with non-fixed seats

stages for theatrical performances

space with non-fixed seats and tables

standing space

stadia and grandstands

bowling alleys, pool and billiard rooms

classrooms

school shops and vocational rooms

reading or writing rooms or lounges

dining, beverage and cafeteria space

laboratories in schools

 

Care or detention uses

treatment and sleeping room areas

detention quarters

 

Residential uses

dwelling units

dormitories

 

(1)

0.75

0.75

0.95

0.40

0.60

9.30

1.85

9.30

1.85

1.20

4.60

 

 

10.00

11.60

 

 

(2)

4.60

Business and personal services uses

personal services shops

offices

 

Mercantile uses

basements and first storeys

second storeys having a principal

entrance from a pedestrian

thoroughfare or a parking area

other storeys

 

Industrial uses

manufacturing or process rooms

storage garages

storage spaces (warehouse)

aircraft hangars

 

Other uses

cleaning and repair goods

kitchens

storage

public corridors intended for

occupancies in addition to

pedestrian travel

 

4.60

9.30

 

 

3.70

 

 

3.70

5.60

 

 

4.60

46.00

28.00

46.00

 

 

4.60

9.30

46.00

 

 

 

3.70

 

Notes to Table 2.7.1.3.:

(1) The number of seats in an assembly occupancy having fixed seats

(2) 2 persons per sleeping room in a dwelling unit

2.7.1.4.Signs

1) In assembly occupancies with occupant loads exceeding 60 persons, the occupant load shall be posted in conspicuous locations near the principal entrances to the room or floor area.

2) Signs required by the British Columbia Building Code to indicate the occupant load for a floor area shall be posted in conspicuous locations near the principal entrances to the floor area. (See Appendix A.)

3) Signs required in Sentences (1) and (2) shall be in a format as directed by the fire commissioner.

2.7.1.5.Nonfixed Seating

1) When nonfixed seats are provided in assembly occupancies,

a) except as provided in Sentence (3), the seats shall be arranged in rows having an unobstructed passage of not less than 400 mm between rows measured horizontally between plumb lines from the backs of the seats in one row and the edges of the furthest forward projection of the seats in the next row behind in the unoccupied position,

b) except as provided in Sentence (2), aisles shall be located so that there are not more than 7 seats between every seat and the nearest aisle,

c) except as provided in Sentence (2), the clear width of an aisle in millimetres shall be not less than the greater of 1100 or the product of the number of seats served by that aisle and 6.1,

d) the width of an aisle is permitted to be reduced to not less than 750 mm when serving 60 seats or fewer,

e) dead-end aisles shall not be longer than 6 m, and

f) except as provided in Sentence (3), when the occupant load exceeds 200 persons,

i) the seats in a row shall be fastened together in units of no fewer than 8 seats, or

ii) where there are 7 seats or fewer in a row, all the seats in the row shall be fastened together.

2) When nonfixed seats are provided in outdoor assembly occupancies,

a) aisles shall be located so that there are not more than 15 seats between every seat and the nearest aisle, and

b) the clear width of an aisle in millimetres shall be not less than the greater of 1200 or the product of the number of seats served by that aisle and 1.8.

3) When nonfixed seats are provided at tables arranged in rows, the spacing between the nearest edges of tables in 2 successive rows shall be not less than

a) 1400 mm where seating is arranged on both sides of tables (back to back), or

b) 1000 mm where seating is on one side only.

2.7.1.6.Maintenance

1) Means of egress shall be maintained in good repair and free of obstructions.

2.7.1.7.Exterior Passageways and Exit Stairs

1) Exterior passageways and exterior exit stairs serving occupied buildings shall be maintained free of snow and ice accumulations.

2) Where equipment is provided to melt snow or ice on exterior passageways and exterior exit stairs serving an occupied building, such equipment shall be maintained in working order or alternative measures shall be taken to comply with Sentence (1).

2.7.2.Doors and Means of Egress

2.7.2.1.Exit Doors

1) Except as provided in Sentences (2), (3) and (4), all doors forming part of a means of egress shall be tested at intervals not greater than one month to ensure that they are operable.

2) The safety features of revolving doors shall be tested at intervals not greater than 12 months.

3) Sliding doors that are required to swing on their vertical axes in the direction of egress when pressure is applied shall be tested at intervals not greater than 12 months.

4) When doors are equipped with electromagnetic locks, these locks shall be tested at intervals not greater than 12 months.

2.7.2.2.Records

1) Records of tests required in Sentences 2.7.2.1.(2), (3) and (4) shall be retained in conformance with Article 1.1.1.6.

2.7.3.Exit Lighting, Exit Signs and Emergency Lighting

2.7.3.1.Installation and Maintenance

1) Exit lighting, exit signs and emergency lighting shall be provided in buildings in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code. (See Appendix A.)

2) Exit lighting and exit signs shall be illuminated during times the building is occupied.

3) Emergency lighting shall be maintained in operating condition, in conformance with Section 6.7.

Section 2.8.Emergency Planning

2.8.1.General

2.8.1.1.Application

1) Fire emergency procedures conforming to this Section shall be provided for

a) every building containing an assembly or a care or detention occupancy,

b) every building required by the British Columbia Building Code to have a fire alarm system,

c) demolition and construction sites regulated under Section 2.14. of this Code,

d) storage areas required to have a fire safety plan in conformance with Articles 3.2.2.6. and 3.3.2.9.,

e) areas where flammable liquids or combustible liquids are stored or handled, in conformance with Article 4.1.5.6., and

f) areas where hazardous processes or operations occur, in conformance with Article 5.1.5.1.

2.8.1.2.Training of Supervisory Staff

1) Supervisory staff shall be trained in the fire emergency procedures described in the fire safety plan before they are given any responsibility for fire safety. (See Appendix A.)

2.8.1.3.Keys and Special Devices

1) Any keys or special devices needed to operate the fire alarm system or provide access to any fire protection systems or equipment shall be readily available to on-duty supervisory staff.

2.8.2.Fire Safety Plan

2.8.2.1.Measures in a Fire Safety Plan

1) In buildings or areas described in Article 2.8.1.1., a fire safety plan conforming to this Section shall be prepared in cooperation with the fire department and other applicable regulatory authorities and shall include

a) the emergency procedures to be used in case of fire, including

i) sounding the fire alarm (see Appendix A),

ii) notifying the fire department,

iii) instructing occupants on procedures to be followed when the fire alarm sounds,

iv) evacuating occupants, including special provisions for persons requiring assistance (see Appendix A),

v) confining, controlling and extinguishing the fire,

b) the appointment and organization of designated supervisory staff to carry out fire safety duties,

c) the training of supervisory staff and other occupants in their responsibilities for fire safety,

d) documents, including diagrams, showing the type, location and operation of the building fire emergency systems,

e) the holding of fire drills,

f) the control of fire hazards in the building,

g) the inspection and maintenance of building facilities provided for the safety of occupants, and

h) a copy of the records of inspections, maintenance procedures or tests as required by Article 1.1.1.6.

(See Appendix A.)

2) The fire safety plan shall be reviewed at intervals not greater than 12 months to ensure that it takes account of changes in the use and other characteristics of the building.

2.8.2.2.Care or Detention Occupancies

1) A sufficient number of supervisory staff shall be on duty in care or detention occupancies to perform the tasks outlined in the fire safety plan described in Clause 2.8.2.1.(1)(a).

2.8.2.3.Assembly Occupancies

1) In Group A, Division 1 assembly occupancies containing more than 60 occupants, there shall be at least one supervisory staff member on duty in the building to perform the tasks outlined in the fire safety plan in Clause 2.8.2.1.(1)(a) whenever the building is open to the public.

2.8.2.4.High Buildings

1) In buildings within the scope of Subsection 3.2.6. of the British Columbia Building Code, the fire safety plan shall, in addition to the requirements of Sentence 2.8.2.1.(1), include

a) the training of supervisory staff in the use of the voice communication system,

b) the procedures for the use of elevators,

c) the action to be taken by supervisory staff in initiating any smoke control or other fire emergency systems installed in a building in the event of fire until the fire department arrives,

d) instructions to the supervisory staff and fire department for the operation of the systems referred to in Clause (c), and

e) the procedures established to facilitate fire department access to the building and fire location within the building.

2.8.2.5.Retention of Fire Safety Plans

1) The fire safety plan shall be kept in a location, designated by the authority having jurisdiction within the building, for reference by the fire department, supervisory staff and other personnel.

2) The fire safety plan for a building within the scope of Subsection 3.2.6. of the British Columbia Building Code shall be kept at the central alarm and control facility.

2.8.2.6.Distribution

1) A copy of the fire emergency procedures and other duties for supervisory staff, as laid down in the fire safety plan, shall be given to all supervisory staff.

2.8.2.7.Posting of Fire Emergency Procedures

1) At least one copy of the fire emergency procedures shall be prominently posted on each floor area.

2) In every hotel and motel bedroom the fire safety rules for occupants shall be posted showing the locations of exits and the paths of travel to exits.

3) Where a fire alarm system has been installed with no provisions to transmit a signal to the fire department, a sign shall be posted at each manually actuated signalling box requesting that the fire department be notified, and including the telephone number of that department.

4) All buildings served by one or more elevators shall have a permanently mounted fire safety sign or symbol on each floor level at each elevator entrance, which indicates that the elevator is not to be used in case of fire. This symbol shall be at least 100 mm in height and width and shall be designed in accordance with NFPA 170.

2.8.3.Fire Drills

2.8.3.1.Fire Drill Procedures

1) The procedure for conducting fire drills shall be determined by the person in responsible charge of the building, taking into consideration

a) the building occupancy and its fire hazards,

b) the safety features provided in the building,

c) the desirable degree of participation of occupants other than supervisory staff,

d) the number and degree of experience of participating supervisory staff,

e) the features of fire emergency systems installed in buildings within the scope of Subsection 3.2.6. of the British Columbia Building Code, and

f) the requirements of the fire department.

(See Appendix A.)

2.8.3.2.Fire Drill Frequency

1) Fire drills as described in Sentence 2.8.3.1.(1) shall be held at intervals not greater than 12 months for the supervisory staff, except that

a) in day-care centres and in Group B major occupancies, such drills shall be held at intervals not greater than one month,

b) in schools attended by children, total evacuation fire drills shall be held at least 3 times in each of the fall and spring school terms, and

c) in buildings within the scope of Subsection 3.2.6. of the British Columbia Building Code, such drills shall be held at intervals not greater than 2 months.

Section 2.9.Tents and Air-Supported Structures

2.9.1.General

2.9.1.1.Tents and Air-Supported Structures

1) Tents and air-supported structures shall be in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code.

2.9.2.Materials

2.9.2.1.Flame Retardant Treatments

1) Flame retardant treatments shall be renewed as often as required to ensure that the material will pass the match flame test in NFPA 701, "Fire Tests for Flame-Resistant Textiles and Films." (See A-2.3.2.2.(1) in Appendix A.)

2.9.3.Fire Hazards and Control

2.9.3.1.Electrical Systems

1) The electrical system in a tent or air-supported structure shall be maintained and operated in a safe manner.

2) Portable electrical systems shall be inspected for fire hazards and defects shall be corrected before the tent or air-supported structure is occupied by the public.

3) The electrical system and equipment in a tent or air-supported structure, including electrical fuses and switches, shall be inaccessible to the public.

4) Cables on the ground in areas used by the public in a tent or air-supported structure shall be placed in trenches or protected by covers to prevent damage from traffic.

2.9.3.2.Combustible Materials

1) Hay, straw, shavings or similar combustible materials other than necessary for the daily feeding and care of animals shall not be permitted within a tent or air-supported structure used for an assembly occupancy, except that sawdust and shavings are permitted to be used if kept damp.

2.9.3.3.Smoking and Open Flame Devices

1) Smoking and open flame devices shall not be permitted in a tent or air-supported structure while it is occupied by the public.

2.9.3.4.Fire Watch

1) A person shall be employed to watch for fires in tents and air-supported structures occupied by the public where the facilities are designed to accommodate more than 1000 persons.

2) A person employed to watch for fires as described in Sentence (1) shall

a) be familiar with all fire safety features, including the fire safety plan as provided in conformance with Section 2.8. and the condition of exits, and

b) patrol the area to ensure that the means of egress are kept clear and that requirements of the authority having jurisdiction are enforced.

2.9.3.5.Fire Alarm System

1) Where tents and air-supported structures are designed to accommodate more than 1000 persons, a fire alarm and emergency communication system shall be provided.

(See Appendix A.)

2.9.3.6.Blower Engines

1) Internal combustion engines used to power supplementary blowers required by the British Columbia Building Code shall be operated and maintained in conformance with Section 6.7.

Section 2.10.Community Care Facilities

2.10.1.Construction

2.10.1.1.Construction

1) Community care facilities shall be constructed in conformance with the requirements of the British Columbia Building Code.

2.10.2.Staffing

2.10.2.1.Staffing

1) Community care facilities shall be staffed in accordance with the appropriate requirements of the Community Care Facility Act and pursuant regulations.

2.10.3.Combustible Materials

2.10.3.1.Combustible Materials Attached to Walls

1) Combustible materials such as artwork and teaching materials which are attached to walls shall not exceed 20% of the area of such walls.

2.10.3.2.Waste Receptacles

1) Waste receptacles shall be made of noncombustible materials.

2.10.3.3.Flammable and Combustible Liquids

1) Flammable liquids and combustible liquids shall be stored in conformance with Part 4 and in areas inaccessible to children.

2.10.4.Fire Safety Measures

2.10.4.1.Fire Prevention Inspections

1) Staff members of community care facilities in which more than 10 persons are cared for shall conduct fire prevention inspections in conformance with the fire safety plan at intervals not greater than one month.

2.10.4.2.Portable Extinguishers

1) Portable extinguishers shall be provided in community care facilities in conformance with Part 6.

Section 2.11.Boarding and Lodging Houses

2.11.1.General

2.11.1.1.Construction

1) Buildings altered or occupied for purposes of providing accommodation for boarders, lodgers or roomers shall conform to the British Columbia Building Code.

2.11.2.Fire Safety Measures

2.11.2.1.Portable Extinguishers

1) At least one portable extinguisher having a 2-A rating shall be installed in conformance with Part 6 on each storey of a building described in Article 2.11.1.1.

Section 2.12.Covered Malls

2.12.1.General

2.12.1.1.Use

1) Except as permitted in Sentence (2), covered malls designed for ornamental and pedestrian oriented uses only shall not be used for merchandising or public activities.

2) A covered mall referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be used for merchandising or public activities on a temporary basis provided

a) it conforms to Articles 2.12.1.2. to 2.12.1.9., and

b) the fire safety plan required in Section 2.8. includes additional provisions to offset any hazard that may be created by such activity.

2.12.1.2.Adequacy of Sprinkler System

1) Merchandising or public activities in a sprinklered covered mall described in Article 2.12.1.1. shall not be permitted where such activity will create a hazard exceeding the design criteria for which the sprinkler system was designed.

2.12.1.3.Alternatives to Spatial Separation

1) When a covered mall having a width of not less than 9 m has been provided for the purpose of considering each portion of the building separated by the mall as a separate building, merchandising or public activities are permitted within the required 9 m width provided alternative protection is installed in conformance with Part 1.

2.12.1.4.Access to Exits

1) Access to exits within a covered mall shall be provided and maintained in conformance with Subsection 2.7.1.

2.12.1.5.Access to Fire Protection Equipment

1) Where a covered mall is used for merchandising or public activities, the activity shall be arranged so that access to fire protection equipment, including sprinkler control valves, fire hose stations, portable extinguishers and fire alarm stations, is not restricted.

2.12.1.6.Decorative Materials

1) Decorative materials used for merchandising or public activities in a covered mall shall conform to Subsection 2.3.2.

2.12.1.7.Flammable and Combustible Liquids and Flammable Gases

1) Flammable liquids, combustible liquids and Class 2.1 flammable gases shall not be used or displayed in a covered mall.

2.12.1.8.Fuelled Equipment

1) Where a covered mall is used for the display of fuelled equipment, batteries shall be disconnected and caps for fuel tanks shall be locked or secured against tampering.

2.12.1.9.Propane Fuelled Automotive Vehicles

1) A propane fuelled automotive vehicle shall not be displayed in a covered mall unless:

a) the propane fuel tank is permanently installed,

b) the fuel system is equipped with an automatic stop-fill valve,

c) the fuel cut-off valve is closed,

d) fuel tank filling connections are locked or secured against tampering, and

e) batteries are disconnected.

Section 2.13.Helicopter Landing Areas on Roofs

2.13.1.Construction

2.13.1.1.Construction

1) Helicopter landing areas on roofs shall be constructed in conformance with the requirements for heliports contained in the "Airport Regulations of the Aeronautics Act" of Transport Canada.

2.13.2.Fire Safety Measures

2.13.2.1.Fire Separations

1) Areas or rooms communicating with the landing area shall be separated therefrom by a fire separation conforming to the British Columbia Building Code.

2.13.2.2.Fire Alarm

1) Where a fire alarm system is installed, a manually operated fire alarm station shall be installed on the roof at each exit from a helicopter landing area.

2) Helicopter landing areas on roofs shall be provided with telephone extensions or means to notify the fire department in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code.

2.13.2.3.Smoking

1) Smoking shall not be permitted on helicopter landing areas on roofs, and signs conforming to Article 2.4.2.2. shall be placed at the exits from the rooftop and in the vicinity of the landing area.

2.13.2.4.Fire Watch

1) Two persons knowledgeable in the use of fire fighting equipment shall be in attendance on the roof deck at each landing area when it is in use.

2.13.2.5.Refuelling, Repair and Maintenance Operations

1) Helicopter refuelling, repair and maintenance operations shall not be carried out on helicopter landing areas on roofs except in an emergency.

2.13.2.6.Inspection of Separators

1) Aviation fuel and oil separators provided in the drainage system shall be inspected at intervals not greater than 7 days to ensure safe operation and shall be serviced when necessary.

Section 2.14.Construction and Demolition Sites

2.14.1.General

2.14.1.1.Application

1) This Section applies to buildings or parts of buildings undergoing construction or demolition operations and includes renovations.

2) The degree of application of this Section to each construction project and each demolition project shall be determined as part of the fire safety plan prior to the commencement of operations. (See Appendix A.)

2.14.1.2.Fire Safety Plan

1) Prior to the commencement of construction or demolition operations, a fire safety plan conforming to Section 2.8. shall be prepared for the site.

2) The fire safety plan shall include

a) the designation and organization of site personnel to carry out fire safety duties, including fire watch service if applicable,

b) the emergency procedures to be used in the case of fire, including

i) sounding the fire alarm,

ii) notifying the fire department,

iii) instructing site personnel on procedures to be followed when the alarm sounds, and

iv) fire fighting procedures,

c) the control of fire hazards in and around the building (see Appendix A), and

d) maintenance of fire fighting facilities (see Appendix A).

2.14.1.3.Fire Safety

1) Fire safety at construction sites and demolition sites shall conform to Part 8 of the British Columbia Building Code.

Section 2.15.Fire Protection for Construction Camps

2.15.1.Fire Protection

2.15.1.1.Fire Protection For Construction Camps

1) Fire protection for construction camps shall conform to the British Columbia Building Code.

Section 2.16.Fire Protection for Marinas and Boatyards

2.16.1.Fire Protection

2.16.1.1.Fire Protection

1) Fire protection for marinas and boatyards shall conform to NFPA 303 "Fire Protection Standard for Marinas and Boatyards".

Part 3Indoor and Outdoor Storage

Section 3.1.General

3.1.1.Scope

3.1.1.1.Application

1) This Part applies to the storage of combustible products and dangerous goods, both inside and outside of buildings.

3.1.1.2.Radioactive Materials

1) Class 7 radioactive materials shall be stored in conformance with the "Atomic Energy Control Act" and its Regulations.

3.1.1.3.Explosives and Fireworks

1) The storage of Class 1 explosives, blasting agents, detonators, propellant explosives, pyrotechnics, fireworks and ammunition shall be in conformance with the "Explosives Act" and its Regulations.

3.1.1.4.Compressed Gases

1) This Part shall not apply to

a) facilities operated by manufacturers or distributors at which Class 2 gases are manufactured, or containers are filled or distributed, provided that storage and handling is in conformance with good engineering practice (see Appendix A), and

b) the storage and dispensing of Class 2.1 flammable gases at fuel dispensing stations covered in Section 4.5. of this Code.

2) Except as provided in this Part, the storage and handling of liquefied petroleum gases and natural gas shall conform to the requirements of the British Columbia Gas Safety Act and pursuant regulations.

3.1.2.Dangerous Goods

3.1.2.1.Classification

1) Classes and divisions of dangerous goods referred to in this Code shall mean their primary and first subsidiary classification, as defined in Part III of the "Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations."

2) Class 9 dangerous goods shall be stored according to the hazard they present based on their properties as dangerous goods.

3.1.2.2.Ambient Temperature

1) Class 5.1 ammonium nitrate and Class 2 gases shall not be stored in an area where the ambient air temperature is higher than 52C.

2) Dangerous goods shall be stored in refrigerated areas where such refrigeration is necessary to stabilize the substances.

3.1.2.3.Packages and Containers

1) Dangerous goods shall be stored in packages or containers

a) made of materials that are compatible with the product they contain, and

b) of durable construction and designed to resist damage from normal material handling activities.

2) Where the package or container for a specific type of dangerous goods is subject to a standard established by a transportation regulatory authority, such package or container shall conform with the applicable standard. (See Appendix A.)

3.1.2.4.Compressed Gases

1) Cylinders and tanks of Class 2 gases shall be protected against mechanical damage.

2) Cylinders of Class 2 gases which are in storage shall be

a) protected against valve damage (see Appendix A), and

b) firmly secured in a position that will not interfere with the operation of the cylinder valve assembly.

3) Cylinders of Class 2 gases shall be transported in devices designed to provide restraint against movement in any direction.

4) Except for portable fire extinguishers, cylinders of Class 2 gases shall not be stored

a) in any exit or corridor providing access to exits,

b) under any fire escape, outside exit stair, passage or ramp, or

c) within 1 m of any exit in buildings other than industrial occupancies.

3.1.2.5.Reactive Substances

1) Reactive substances shall be stored according to their properties as dangerous goods in conformance with Part III of the "Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations." (See Appendix A.)

2) Reactive substances that are unstable and susceptible to reactions, such as polymerization, or self-accelerating decomposition initiated by heat, shock, vibration, light or sound waves, shall be stored in a location and manner that will prevent the undesired reaction.

3) Reactive substances that may react with water shall be stored in sealed containers in a dry location.

4) Reactive substances that ignite spontaneously in air shall be stored in a liquid that is inert to the material, in an inert atmosphere or in sealed containers.

3.1.2.6.Fire Safety Plan

1) In addition to the information required in Section 2.8., where dangerous goods are stored or handled, the fire safety plan shall include the names, addresses and telephone numbers of persons to be contacted in case of fire during non-operating hours.

2) When the dangerous goods referred to in Sentence (1) consist of Class 7 radioactive materials, the fire safety plan shall also include

a) methods to control a fire emergency and to recover radioactive materials and equipment containing radioactive materials safely and efficiently,

b) the names, addresses and telephone numbers of primary and alternative sources of expert radiation safety advice and assistance, and

c) the location of primary and alternative sources of radiation survey instruments.

3.1.3.Industrial Trucks

3.1.3.1.Industrial Trucks

1) Except as provided in Sentences (2) and (3), the designation, use, maintenance and operation of industrial trucks shall conform to NFPA 505, "Powered Industrial Trucks."

2) Fuel-fired industrial trucks shall conform to ULC-C558, "Internal Combustion Engine-Powered Industrial Trucks."

3) Battery-powered industrial trucks shall conform to ULC-C583, "Electric Battery Powered Industrial Trucks."

3.1.4.Electrical Installations

3.1.4.1.Hazardous Locations

1) Where wiring or electrical equipment is located in areas in which flammable gases or vapours, combustible dusts or combustible fibres are present in quantities sufficient to create a hazard, such wiring and electrical equipment shall conform to CSA C22.1, "British Columbia Electrical Safety Act and Pursuant Regulations," for hazardous locations. (See A-5.1.2.1.(1) in Appendix A.)

Section 3.2.Indoor Storage

3.2.1.Scope

3.2.1.1.Application

1) Except as permitted in Sentence (2), this Section shall apply to buildings or parts of buildings used for the short or long term storage of the following products, whether raw or waste materials, goods in process, or finished goods:

a) Class I, II, III and IV commodities, and Group A, B and C plastics, in conformance with NFPA 231, "General Storage" (see Appendix A),

b) rubber tires and combustible fibres,

c) Level 1, 2 and 3 aerosols, as described in Subsection 3.2.5.,

d) dangerous goods as described in Subsection 3.2.7., or

e) closed containers of distilled beverage alcohols.

(See Appendix A.)

2) High rack storage warehouses with storage heights greater than 13 m, where conditions exist which must be addressed by design and operational details specific to the hazard, need not conform to this Section, where alternative protection is provided in conformance with Part 1.

3.2.2.General

3.2.2.1.Application

1) Unless otherwise specified, this Subsection shall apply to the indoor storage of any product covered in this Section.

3.2.2.2.Access Aisles

(See Appendix A.)

1) Adequate access for fire fighting purposes shall be provided and maintained to all portions of the storage area.

2) Access aisles not less than 1.0 m wide shall be provided to fire department access panels and to fire protection equipment.

3) Aisles shall be maintained free of obstruction.

4) A storage room or area that is greater than 100 m2 shall be provided with at least one main aisle conforming to Sentences (5) to (8).

5) Except as permitted in Sentence (6), main access aisles shall have a minimum width of

a) 2.4 m for storage heights of not more than 6 m, and

b) 3.6 m for storage heights of more than 6 m.

6) The width of main access aisles referred to in Sentence (5) need not exceed 2.4 m where the products are stored in racks and the building is sprinklered.

7) Main access aisles shall extend

a) the length of the storage area where only one main access aisle is provided, or

b) the length or width of the storage area where 2 or more main access aisles are provided.

8) Main access aisles shall be accessible from at least 2 fire department access points.

3.2.2.3.Clearances

1) Wall clearances of not less than 600 mm shall be maintained where stored products may swell or expand with the absorption of water.

2) Except where the width of storage is not more than 1.5 m, measured out from the wall, wall clearances of not less than 400 mm shall be maintained when the quantity of dangerous goods stored in a building exceeds the quantities shown in Table 3.2.7.1.

3) In unsprinklered buildings, a clearance of not less than 1 m between top of storage and underside of floor or roof deck shall be maintained. (See Appendix A.)

4) If the top of storage in piles, on shelves, in bin boxes or on racks is above the lower chords of floor or roof structural framing members, a clear space of not less than 300 mm shall be maintained between the storage and the structural members.

5) In sprinklered buildings, the clearance between top of storage and ceiling sprinkler deflectors shall not be less than 450 mm.

6) Clearance between stored products and duct or blower systems shall be maintained in conformance with Section 2-18 of NFPA 91, "Exhaust Systems for Air-Conveying of Materials." (See Appendix A.)

3.2.2.4.Combustible Pallets

1) Except as permitted in Sentences (2) and (3), combustible pallets shall be

a) stored outdoors in conformance with Section 3.3., and

b) located or protected so as to avoid creating a fire exposure hazard.

2) Indoor storage of combustible pallets is permitted in a building that is not sprinklered, provided

a) the height of storage of combustible pallets is not more than 1.2 m,

b) the width of an individual storage area is not more than 7.5 m, and

c) the aggregate area of storage is not more than

i) 100 m2 for wood or solid deck non-expanded polyethylene pallets, or

ii) 50 m2 for plastic pallets not designated in Subclause (i).

3) In a sprinklered building, the storage of combustible pallets is permitted to exceed the values in Sentence (2) provided the sprinkler system conforms to NFPA 231, "General Storage." (See Appendix A.)

3.2.2.5.Portable Extinguishers

1) Except as provided in Article 3.2.4.5., portable extinguishers shall be provided in conformance with Part 6.

3.2.2.6.Fire Safety Plan

1) A fire safety plan conforming to Section 2.8. and Sentences (2) and (3) shall be prepared.

2) The fire safety plan shall identify

a) the product classifications, as described in Sentence 3.2.1.1.(1), for each part of the building where products of different classification are stored,

b) the method of storage, including aisle widths for rack storage,

c) the maximum permitted height of storage for the building or part of the building, if different,

d) the maximum permitted size of individual storage areas,

e) in sprinklered buildings, the sprinkler system design criteria, inside and outside hose allowances, and results of the benchmark sprinkler system main drain and water flow tests.

3) The storage method and maximum height of storage as described in Clauses (2)(b) and (c) shall be posted in the storage area.

4) Signs required in Sentence (3) shall have

a) a minimum dimension of 200 mm, and

b) letters not less than 25 mm high.

3.2.2.7.Location of Hazardous Materials

1) When the products stored include Group A plastics, rubber products, Level 2 or 3 aerosols, or dangerous goods, an up-to-date record of their location on each floor area shall be kept with the fire safety plan.

3.2.3.General Indoor Storage

3.2.3.1.Application

1) This Subsection applies to the indoor storage of Class I to IV commodities, Group A, B or C plastics, and closed containers of distilled beverage alcohol, in solid piles, on pallets, on shelves or in bin boxes or racks.

2) When flammable liquids or combustible liquids are stored inside an area covered in this Subsection, they shall be in conformance with Subsection 4.2.8.

3.2.3.2.Individual Storage Areas

1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), the size of individual storage areas shall not exceed the limits shown in Table 3.2.3.2.

2) In a sprinklered building, the height of storage in racks is permitted to exceed the limits shown in Table 3.2.3.2. (See Appendix A.)

Table 3.2.3.2.

Size Limits for Individual Storage Areas

Forming Part of Sentences 3.2.3.2.(1) and (2)

Product Classification

Unsprinklered Buildings

Sprinklered Buildings

Area, m2

Height of
Storage, m

Area, m2

Height of
Storage, m

 

Class I commodities

500

6.5

1 500

9.0

Class II commodities

500

6.5

1 500

9.0

Class III commodities, Group C plastics

250

4.5

1 000

9.0

Closed containers of distilled beverage alcohol

250

4.5

1 000

9.0

Class IV commodities, Group B plastics

250

3.6

1 000

9.0

Group A plastics

250

1.5

500

6.1

 

3.2.3.3.Sprinkler Systems

1) Where a sprinkler system is required to accommodate individual storage areas referred to in Article 3.2.3.2., the sprinkler system shall be designed and installed in conformance with Sentences (2) to (4).

2) For Class I, II, III or IV commodities, and Group B or C plastics, the sprinkler system referred to in Sentence (1) shall be designed and installed in conformance with

a) NFPA 13, "Installation of Sprinkler Systems," where the height of storage is not greater than 3.6 m,

b) NFPA 231, "General Storage," where the height of storage is greater than 3.6 m in piles, on pallets, on shelves, or in bin boxes, or

c) NFPA 231C, "Rack Storage of Materials," where the height of storage is greater than 3.6 m in racks.

3) For Group A plastics, the sprinkler system referred to in Sentence (1) shall be designed and installed in conformance with

a) NFPA 231, "General Storage," where storage is on pallets, on shelves, or in bin boxes, or

b) NFPA 231C, "Rack Storage of Materials," where the product is stored in racks.

4) For closed containers of distilled beverage alcohol, the sprinkler system referred to in Sentence (1) shall be designed in conformance with good engineering practice. (See Appendix A.)

3.2.4.Indoor Tire Storage

3.2.4.1.Application

1) This Subsection shall apply to buildings or parts of buildings used for the storage of rubber tires.

3.2.4.2.Fire Separations

1) A tire storage area designed to contain more than 375 m3 of rubber tires shall be separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 h. (See Appendix A.)

3.2.4.3.Sprinkler Protection

1) Buildings regulated by this Subsection shall be sprinklered in conformance with NFPA 231D, "Storage of Rubber Tires," whenever

a) the aggregate of individual storage areas in the building exceeds 500 m2,

b) any individual storage area exceeds 250 m2, or

c) the height of storage is more than 3.6 m, and the total volume of tires in the building is more than 375 m3.

3.2.4.4.Clearance from Sprinklers

1) A clearance of not less than 900 mm shall be maintained between the top of storage and sprinkler deflectors.

3.2.4.5.Portable Extinguishers

1) In addition to the requirements of Part 6 of this Code, multipurpose dry chemical portable extinguishers rated 4-A:20-B shall be installed in conformance with NFPA 10, "Portable Fire Extinguishers" except that

a) there shall be one such extinguisher for every 500 m2 of floor area, and

b) the travel distance to any extinguisher shall not exceed 25 m.

3.2.5.Indoor Storage of Aerosol Products

3.2.5.1.Application

1) This Subsection shall apply to the indoor storage of packaged aerosol products as classified in Article 3.2.5.2. (See Appendix A.)

3.2.5.2.Classification

1) For the purposes of this Subsection, aerosol products shall be classified as Level 1, 2 or 3 in conformance with NFPA 30B, "Manufacture and Storage of Aerosol Products." (See Appendix A.)

3.2.5.3.Level 1 Aerosols

1) Packaged Level 1 aerosol products shall be protected as required for Class III commodities, in both palletized and rack storage, in conformance with Article 3.2.3.2.

3.2.5.4.Level 2 and 3 Aerosols

1) The storage of packaged Level 2 and 3 aerosol products shall conform to Table 3.2.5.4. and Articles 3.2.5.5. to 3.2.5.8.

2) Where storage of packaged aerosol products is mixed, protection shall be provided for the most hazardous classification present.

Table 3.2.5.4.

Maximum Amount of Packaged Level 2 and 3
Aerosol Products, kg(1)

Forming Part of Sentences 3.2.5.4.(1) and 3.2.5.5.(2)

Product Classification

Type of Dedicated Area Required

Unsprinklered Building

Sprinklered Building

 

None

A(2)

B(3)

None

A(2)

B(3)

 

Level 2 and 3

1 000

5 000

10 000

10 000

50 000

No Limit

 

Notes to Table 3.2.5.4.:

(1) One pallet load of packaged aerosols is approximately 1 000 kg.

(2) See Article 3.2.5.6.

(3) See Article 3.2.5.7.

3.2.5.5.Sprinkler Systems

1) Where a sprinkler system is required to accommodate the storage limits in Sentence 3.2.5.4.(1), the sprinkler system shall be designed and installed in conformance with Sentence 3.2.3.3.(2), with additional sprinkler protection provided in conformance with NFPA 30B, "Manufacture and Storage of Aerosol Products" for areas in which packaged aerosol products are stored.

2) Where the sprinkler system required to accommodate the storage limits in Sentence 3.2.5.4.(1) does not conform to Sentence (1), the storage of packaged Level 2 or 3 aerosol products shall conform to Table 3.2.5.4. for unsprinklered buildings.

3.2.5.6.Type A Dedicated Areas

1) Where a Type A 1dedicated storage area is required to accommodate the storage limits in Sentence 3.2.5.4.(1), it shall be separated from the remainder of the building by

a) a chain link fence conforming to Sentence (2), or

b) sheet metal or other noncombustible partitions capable of withstanding the impact of rocketing cans, and extending to the underside of the roof deck or to a ceiling capable of withstanding the impact of rocketing cans.

2) Chain link fencing referred to in Sentence (1) shall be not lighter than 3.8 mm steel wire woven into a 50 mm diamond mesh.

3.2.5.7.Type B Dedicated Areas

1) Where a Type B dedicated storage area is required to accommodate the storage limits in Sentence 3.2.5.4.(1), it shall be separated from the remainder of the building by partitions

a) having not less than a 1 h fire-resistance rating,

b) capable of withstanding the impact of rocketing cans, and

c) extending to the underside of the roof or to a ceiling of construction equivalent to the partitions.

3.2.5.8.Storage Height

1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), the height of storage of packaged Level 2 or 3 aerosols shall be not greater than

a) 1.75 m where products are in solid piles or on pallets, or

b) 6.1 m where products are on racks.

2) Where the building is sprinklered in conformance with Article 3.2.5.5., and an enclosure conforming to Article 3.2.5.6. or 3.2.5.7. is provided, the height of storage of packaged Level 2 or 3 aerosols shall be not greater than

a) 6.1 m where products are in solid piles or on pallets, or

b) the height limit determined by the design capacity of the sprinkler system where products are on racks.

3.2.5.9.Aisles

1) Aisles separating racks, shelves, or piles of packaged Level 2 or 3 aerosol products shall be not less than 2.4 m wide.

3.2.6.Indoor Storage of Combustible Fibres

3.2.6.1.Application

1) This Subsection shall apply to the storage of combustible fibres inside buildings.

3.2.6.2.Building Construction

1) Buildings used for the storage of baled combustible fibres shall comply with the height and area limitations of the British Columbia Building Code for buildings classified as Group F, Division 2.

3.2.6.3.Loose Combustible Fibres

1) Up to 3 m3 of loose combustible fibres are permitted to be kept in any building provided storage is in a metal-lined bin equipped with a self-closing metal-lined cover.

2) Quantities of loose combustible fibres exceeding 3 m3 but not exceeding 15 m3 shall be stored in rooms separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1 h.

3) Quantities of loose combustible fibres exceeding 15 m3 but not exceeding 30 m3 shall be stored in rooms separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 h.

4) Quantities of loose combustible fibres exceeding 30 m3 shall not be stored in an individual room unless the room is

a) sprinklered in conformance with Article 6.5.1.1., and

b) separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 h.

3.2.6.4.Baled Combustible Fibres

1) Except as permitted in Sentences (2), (3) and (4), baled combustible fibres shall be stored so that

a) no individual storage area exceeds 250 m2,

b) the height of storage in an individual storage area does not exceed 4.5 m,

c) subsidiary aisles within individual storage areas are not less than 1 m wide, and

d) the clearance between piles and building walls is not less than 1 m.

2) Except as permitted in Sentence (4), where baled combustible fibres are stored in sprinklered buildings, the maximum area of any individual storage area shall be 500 m2.

3) Where baled raw pulp is stored in an unsprinklered building,

a) the maximum area of any individual storage area shall be 500 m2, and

b) the maximum height of storage shall be 6 m.

4) Where baled raw pulp is stored in a sprinklered building,

a) the maximum area of any individual storage area shall be 1 000 m2, and

b) the maximum height of storage shall be 6 m.

5) The sides of baled storage piles shall be inclined back from the base of the pile with a slope of not less than 1 m for each 10 m of height.

3.2.6.5.Clearance from Sprinklers

1) The clearance between the top of any pile and sprinkler head deflectors shall be not less than 900 mm.

3.2.6.6.Heating Equipment

1) Storage areas for combustible fibres shall not contain fuel-fired appliances or electrical heating elements.

2) Shields shall be provided that will prevent stored material from coming within 300 mm of any part of a heating system.

3.2.7.Indoor Storage of Dangerous Goods

3.2.7.1.Application

1) Except as provided in Part 4 or otherwise specified in this Code, this Subsection shall apply to buildings or parts of buildings where dangerous goods in packages or containers are stored in a single fire compartment in quantities greater than those shown in Table 3.2.7.1.

2) When a product has a primary and a subsidiary classification, the quantities referred to in Sentence (1) shall be determined by

a) using the classification having precedence as established in Schedule I of Section 3.8. of the "Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations," or

b) using the lesser of the two small quantity exemptions in Table 3.2.7.1. when the precedence referred to in Clause (a) is not established.

Table 3.2.7.1.

Small Quantity Exemptions for Dangerous Goods

Forming Part of Sentences 3.2.2.3.(2), 3.2.7.1.(1) and (2), and 3.3.4.1.(2) and (3)

Class(1)

Dangerous Goods

Maximum Exempt Amount

1

Explosives

(See Subsection 3.1.1.)

2

Gases

Division 1(1) Flammable

Division 2 Non-flammable

Division 3 Poisonous

Division 4 Corrosive

 

25 kg(2)

150 kg

0

0

3

Flammable Liquids and Combustible Liquids

0(3)

4

Flammable Solids

Division 1 Flammable solids

Division 2 Subject to spontaneous ignition

Division 3 Reactive with water

 

100 kg(4)

50 kg

50 kg

5

Oxidizing Substances

Division 1 Oxidizers

Division 2 Organic peroxides

 

200 kg or 250 L

100 kg or 100 L

6

Poisonous and Infectious Substances

Division 1 Poisonous substances

Packing Group I

Packing Group II

Packing Group III

Division 2 Infectious substances

 

 

0

100 kg or 100 L

1 000 kg or 1 000 L

0

7

Radioactive Materials

(See Subsection 3.1.1.)

8

Corrosive Substances

Packing Group I

Packing Group II

Packing Group III

 

500 kg or 500 L

1 000 kg or 1 000 L

2 000 kg or 2 000 L

9

Miscellaneous

Division 1 Miscellaneous

Division 2 Environmental hazard

Division 3 Specific wastes

 

See Article 3.1.2.1.(6)

See Article 3.1.2.1.(6)

See Article 3.1.2.1.(6)

 

Notes to Table 3.2.7.1.:

(1) The numbers refer to the class and division of dangerous goods, as defined in the "Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations."

(2) See A-3.2.8.2.(2) in Appendix A.

(3) See Part 4.

(4) 50 kg for nitrocellulose based products, and 10 kg for "strike anywhere" matches.

(5) The "Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act (Canada)" defines "packing group" as "a level of hazard inherent to dangerous goods." Packing Group I products are more hazardous than Packing Group III products.

(6) Small quantity exemptions may be determined by other authorities such as the "Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act (Canada)," the "Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System" (WHMIS), and environmental protection legislation.

3.2.7.2.Ignition Sources

1) Heating appliances shall not be permitted in a fire compartment used for the storage of Class 2.1, 3, 4 or 5 dangerous goods unless they are installed in a manner that will not create a fire or explosion hazard.

2) Smoking shall not be permitted within a fire compartment used for the storage of dangerous goods and signs shall be posted in conformance with Article 2.4.2.2.

3) Except as provided in Subsection 3.1.3. and in Section 5.2., open flames and spark-producing devices shall not be used in an area where dangerous goods are stored.

3.2.7.3.Ambient Conditions

1) Rooms or parts of buildings used for the storage of dangerous goods

a) shall be dry and cool, and

b) where the products being stored are capable of releasing flammable vapours or toxic gases under normal ambient conditions, shall be provided with a ventilation system to exhaust such vapours or gases outdoors to an area where they will not return to the building (see Appendix A).

3.2.7.4.Housekeeping

1) Areas where dangerous goods are stored shall be kept free of waste packaging materials, debris of any kind, or any spilled product.

2) Broken packages or containers of dangerous goods shall be moved to a safe location and the product repackaged and labelled as soon as possible.

3.2.7.5.Storage Arrangements

1) The method of storage of dangerous goods shall

a) be determined to ensure stability of the stored products, and

b) except as provided in Sentences (2) and (5), not exceed the maximum heights of storage shown in Table 3.2.7.5.

2) Storage heights for a protected storage area in Table 3.2.7.5. are permitted to be exceeded provided the dangerous goods are stored on racks or shelves.

Table 3.2.7.5.

Storage Height Limits for Dangerous Goods, m

Forming Part of Sentences 3.2.7.5.(1) and (2)

Classification(1)

Unprotected Storage

Protected Storage

Packing Group I

1.8

2.4

Packing Group II

2.4

4

Packing Group III

4.5

6

 

Notes to Table 3.2.7.5.:

(1) See Table 3.2.7.1.

3) When a storage area is required by this Article to be protected, it shall be sprinklered or protected with a special fire suppression system, in conformance with Part 6 and good engineering practice with respect to specific dangerous goods. (See A-3.2.7.9.(1) in Appendix A.)

4) Except for Class 2 gases, stored dangerous goods shall be kept not less than 100 mm above the floor level.

5) Flammable liquids and combustible liquids shall be stored in conformance with Part 4.

6) Solid and liquid Class 5 oxidizing substances shall be separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 h.

7) Reactive substances shall be separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 h. (See A-3.1.2.5.(1) in Appendix A.)

8) Packages or containers of Class 5.2 organic peroxides shall not be opened, or the product dispensed, in the same area where it is stored.

3.2.7.6.Separation from Other Dangerous Goods

1) Except as required in Sentences (2) and (3) , dangerous goods shall be separated from other dangerous goods in conformance with Table 3.2.7.6.

2) In addition to the separation requirements in Sentence (1), dangerous goods shall be stored in conformance with the information provided in the Material Safety Data Sheet for the specific dangerous good. (See Appendix A.)

3) Flammable liquids or combustible liquids or Class 8 corrosive substances shall not be stored with Class 7 radioactive materials in quantities or in a manner that would constitute an undue risk in the event of a fire.

Table 3.2.7.6.

Separation Chart for Storage of Dangerous Goods

Forming Part of Sentences 3.2.7.6.(1), 3.2.7.9.(2), 3.3.4.3.(2) and 4.2.2.3.(2)

Classification(1)

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

3

4.1

4.2

4.3

5.1

5.2

6

8

2.1

-

P

X

X

P

P

A

DS

X

X

X

X

2.2

P

-

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

2.3

X

P

-

A

X

A

A

DS

A

X

P

A

2.4

X

P

A

-

X

A

A

DS

A

X

DS

A

3

P

P

X

X

-

P

A

A

X

X

DS

A

4.1

P

P

A

A

P

-

A

DS

X

X

DS

A

4.2

A

P

A

A

A

A

-

DS

X

X

DS

A

4.3

DS

P

DS

DS

A

DS

DS

-

X

X

DS

X

5.1

X

P

A

A

X

X

X

X

-

P

A

X

5.2

X

P

X

X

X

X

X

X

P

-

X

X

6

X

P

P

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

A

X

-

A

8

X

P

A

A

A

A

A

X

X

X

A

-

X Incompatible goods, do not store together in same fire compartment.

A Incompatible goods, separate by minimum 1 m horizontal distance.

P Permitted, goods are permitted to be stored together.

DS Refer to Material Safety Data Sheet.

 

Notes to Table 3.2.7.6.:

(1) The numbers refer to the class and division of dangerous goods in Table 3.2.7.1.

3.2.7.7.Corrosion Protection

1) Measures shall be taken to prevent or minimize corrosion or deterioration of shelving, racks, and piping system components, due to contact with stored dangerous goods.

3.2.7.8.Flooring Materials

1) Floors in areas where dangerous goods are stored shall be constructed of impermeable materials to prevent the absorption of chemicals.

2) Class 5 oxidizing substances shall not be stored on combustible floors or platforms.

3.2.7.9.Fire Suppression Systems

1) Except as permitted in Sentences (2) and (3) and in Part 4, buildings used for the storage of dangerous goods regulated by this Subsection shall be equipped throughout with a sprinkler or other fire suppression system, designed in conformance with Part 6 and good engineering practice with respect to specific dangerous goods. (See Appendix A.)

2) Buildings described in Sentence (1) need not be equipped throughout with a sprinkler or other fire suppression system provided that

a) the sum of individual storage areas in the building used for the storage of dangerous goods, other than Class 9 dangerous goods with no other classification and those covered in Part 4 of this Code, does not exceed 100 m2, and

b) the dangerous goods are

i) separated in conformance with Table 3.2.7.6., and

ii) stored in fire compartments separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 h.

3) Buildings described in Sentence (1) need not be equipped throughout with a sprinkler or other fire suppression system provided that storage consists only of Class 2.2 gas with no Class 5 subsidiary classification.

3.2.7.10.Smoke Venting

1) Where the collective individual storage areas for dangerous goods exceed 10 m2 in a fire compartment, means shall be provided for manual or automatic venting of smoke and toxic gases from the storage area under fire conditions. (See Appendix A.)

3.2.7.11.Spill Control

1) Measures to control spilled liquid or solid dangerous goods shall be provided in conformance with Subsection 4.1.6.

2) Materials or liquids used in cleanup of spills and leakages of dangerous goods shall be

a) compatible and non-reactive with the dangerous goods being cleaned up, and

b) disposed of in conformance with Subsection 4.1.6.

3.2.7.12.Fire Department Access

1) Except as provided in Sentences (2) and (3), fire department access to buildings described in Article 3.2.7.1. shall be in conformance with Section 2.5.

2) When the collective individual storage area for dangerous goods exceeds 10 m2, buildings regulated by Sentence (1) shall be accessible to fire department vehicles from at least 2 sides for the purpose of fire fighting. (See Appendix A.)

3) In buildings regulated by Sentence (1), access openings to each storey provided in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code shall be not less than 750 mm wide by 1 100 mm high. (See Appendix A.)

3.2.7.13.Labels

1) Products classified as dangerous goods shall display appropriate identifying labels from the time they enter a facility until they are issued as finished products or waste material. (See Appendix A.)

3.2.7.14.Placards

1) Individual storage areas used for storage of dangerous goods shall be clearly designated as such by posted placards conforming to the "Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations," and Sentences (2) to (4). (See Appendix A.)

2) Where storage consists of a single product, only the UN Product Identification Number (PIN) need be posted.

3) Where storage consists of multiple products within the same class, the individual class and division placard shall be posted.

4) Where storage consists of more than one class, a placard for each individual class, or the "Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations" Danger symbol shall be posted at the entrance to the storage area.

5) Individual storage areas described in Sentence (1) shall be identified in the fire safety plan as required in Article 3.2.2.6.

3.2.7.15.Training

1) In a building regulated by this Subsection, at least one person shall be

a) trained in conformance with Sentence (2),

b) in responsible charge during operating hours, and

c) available to respond to a day or night emergency.

2) The person in responsible charge specified in Sentence (1) shall be trained in the correct procedures for the handling, storing and offering for transport of dangerous goods in accordance with

a) the appropriate federal, provincial, or territorial occupational safety and health regulations, or

b) in the absence of regulations mentioned in Clause (a),

i) the "Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations," or

ii) the "Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System" (WHMIS).

3) All employees involved in the storage and handling of dangerous goods shall be trained in safe handling procedures and correct responses to an emergency situation.

3.2.7.16.Unauthorized Access

1) An area used for the storage of dangerous goods shall be secured against unauthorized access.

3.2.7.17.Separation from Combustible Products

1) Dangerous goods and other products described in Sentence 3.2.1.1.(1) shall not be stored in the same individual storage area.

3.2.8.Indoor Storage of Compressed Gases

3.2.8.1.Application

1) Except as provided in Subsection 3.1.1., this Subsection shall apply to the storage of Class 2 gases inside buildings.

3.2.8.2.Flammable Gases

1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), cylinders of Class 2.1 flammable gases stored indoors shall be located in a room that

a) is separated from the remainder of the building by a gas-tight fire separation having a fire-resistance rating of at least 2 h,

b) is located on an exterior wall of the building,

c) can be entered from the exterior, and any doors into the interior of the building shall be

i) equipped with self-closing devices, and

ii) constructed so as to prevent migration of gases from the room into other parts of the building,

d) is designed to prevent critical structural and mechanical damage from an internal explosion in conformance with good engineering practice such as described in NFPA 68, "Venting of Deflagrations" (see Appendix A),

e) is provided with natural or mechanical ventilation in conformance with Subsection 4.1.7.,

f) does not contain fuel-fired appliances or high temperature heating elements, and

g) is used for no purpose other than the storage of Class 2 gases.

2) Cylinders of Class 2.1 flammable, lighter than air gases are permitted to be stored outside of a room described in Sentence (1) provided that,

a) in an unsprinklered building of combustible construction, the aggregate capacity of expanded gas outside of the room is not more than 60 m3, and

b) in a sprinklered building or in a building of noncombustible construction, the aggregate capacity of expanded gas outside of the room is not more than 170 m3.

(See Appendix A.)

3.2.8.3.Indoor Storage of Poisonous, Corrosive or Oxidizing Gases

1) When stored indoors, cylinders of Class 2.3 poisonous, Class 2.4 corrosive or Class 2.2 (5.1) oxidizing gases shall be located in a room that

a) is separated from the remainder of the building by gas-tight fire separations having a fire-resistance rating of at least 1 h,

b) is located on an exterior wall,

c) can be entered from the exterior, and any doors into the interior of the building shall be

i) equipped with self-closing devices, and

ii) constructed so as to prevent migration of gases from the room into other parts of the building, and

d) is provided with ventilation to the outdoors.

2) Cylinders of gases described in Sentence (1) shall not be stored in a room containing combustible materials.

3.2.9.Indoor Storage of Ammonium Nitrate

3.2.9.1.Application

1) This Subsection shall apply to the storage of Class 5.1 ammonium nitrate mixtures that contain 60% or more by weight of ammonium nitrate in quantities exceeding 1 000 kg inside buildings.

3.2.9.2.Clearance from Property Line

1) The distance between an ammonium nitrate storage facility and the nearest property line shall conform to General Order No. O-36, "Ammonium Nitrate Storage Facilities Regulations" of Transport Canada, but in no case shall this distance be less than 8 m.

3.2.9.3.Storage Buildings

1) Ammonium nitrate shall not be stored in buildings that

a) are more than 1 storey in building height,

b) contain basements or crawl spaces, or

c) contain open floor drains, tunnels, elevator pits or other pockets which might trap molten ammonium nitrate.

(See Appendix A.)

2) Buildings and bins containing bulk storage ammonium nitrate shall be designed to prevent contact with material that will cause the ammonium nitrate to become unstable or with material which may corrode or deteriorate by reason of contact with the ammonium nitrate. (See Appendix A.)

3) When ammonium nitrate is stored in a building, a ventilation system shall be provided to dissipate gases generated by the ammonium nitrate in the event of a fire.

3.2.9.4.Bagged Storage

1) Piles of bagged ammonium nitrate shall not exceed

a) 6 m in height,

b) 6 m in width, and

c) 15 m in length.

2) Aisles not less than 1 m wide shall be provided in warehouses to separate piles of ammonium nitrate, and at least one aisle not less than 1.2 m wide shall be provided for the entire length of the storage area.

3) Bags of ammonium nitrate shall not be stored closer than 400 mm from walls and partitions and not closer than 900 mm from a roof, overhead supporting beam or sprinkler head deflector.

4) In palletized storage of bagged ammonium nitrate, pallet channels shall be at right angles to aisles.

3.2.9.5.Bin Storage

1) Bins in which ammonium nitrate is stored in bulk shall be kept free of materials which may contaminate their contents.

3.2.9.6.Explosives

1) Explosives shall not be used to break up caked ammonium nitrate.

3.2.9.7.Sprinkler Systems

1) Bagged ammonium nitrate in quantities in excess of 600 000 kg shall be stored only in buildings sprinklered in conformance with Article 6.5.1.1.

3.2.9.8.Industrial Trucks

1) Fuelling of industrial trucks shall not be carried out in buildings in which ammonium nitrate is stored.

2) When industrial trucks powered by internal-combustion engines are parked in buildings in which ammonium nitrate is stored, they shall be separated from the storage area by fire separations having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1 h.

3) Industrial trucks transporting ammonium nitrate shall be cleaned of remaining material following use.

Section 3.3.Outdoor Storage

3.3.1.Scope

3.3.1.1.Application

1) Except as permitted in Sentence (2), this Section shall apply to the short or long term outdoor storage of the following products, whether raw or waste materials, goods in process or finished goods:

a) Class III and IV commodities, and Group A, B and C plastics, as described in Section 3.2.,

b) rubber tires,

c) forest products, including lumber, timber and wood pallets,

d) forest by-products, including wood chips and hogged material (see Appendix A),

e) manufactured buildings (see Appendix A),

f) wrecked vehicles in salvage yards, and

g) dangerous goods as described in Subsection 3.3.4.

2) This Section shall not apply to:

a) a site where the total storage area is not more than 100 m2, except for distance requirements between stored products and a building,

b) Class I and II commodities, as classified in Section 3.2.,

c) intermodal shipping containers, except when containing dangerous goods (see Appendix A),

d) buried products and landfill operations,

e) products stored on the roof of a building,

f) vehicles in parking areas or parking lots,

g) logs and similar untreated forest products in ranked piles (see Appendix A), or

h) bulk products, except as described in Clause (1)(d).

3.3.2.General

3.3.2.1.Application

1) Unless otherwise specified, this Subsection shall apply to the outdoor storage of any product covered in this Section.

3.3.2.2.Height

1) Except as required in Subsections 3.3.3. and 3.3.4., the maximum permitted height of any individual storage area shall be determined by its base area, shape and the stability of the stored products.

3.3.2.3.Individual Storage Areas and Clearances

1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), the size limits and clearances for individual storage areas shall conform to Subsections 3.3.3. and 3.3.4.

2) An outdoor storage area shall be arranged such that there is a clear space of not less than

a) 30 m between stored products and brush or forested areas, and

b) 6 m between stored products and uncontrolled grass or weeds.

3.3.2.4.Storage beneath Power Lines

1) Products covered in this Section shall not be stored beneath electrical power lines.

3.3.2.5.Fire Department Access

1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), an access route constructed in conformance with Subsection 3.2.5. of the British Columbia Building Code shall be provided to permit the approach of fire department vehicles to within 60 m travelling distance of any part of an individual storage area.

2) Where the total storage area exceeds 6000 m2, the access route required in Sentence (1) shall be connected with a public thoroughfare in at least 2 locations.

3.3.2.6.Fencing

1) An outdoor storage area shall be surrounded by a firmly anchored fence that is

a) substantially constructed to discourage climbing and unauthorized entry,

b) not less than 1.8 m high, and

c) provided with gates that shall be locked when the storage area is not staffed.

2) When in a fire department access route, the gates required in Clause (1)(c) shall be of adequate width, design and in such a location as to readily permit the entry of fire department vehicles, in conformance with Article 3.3.2.5. (See Appendix A.)

3.3.2.7.Maintenance

1) Any access route, gateway or clear space required in this Section shall be

a) maintained in conformance with Section 2.5., and

b) kept free of obstructions and piles of snow.

2) Private hydrants, fire department connections and private valves controlling water supplies to fire protection systems shall be

a) maintained in conformance with Part 6, and

b) kept accessible to fire fighters and their equipment at all times.

3.3.2.8.Ignition Sources

1) Unless controlled in a manner that will not create a fire hazard, a device, operation or activity that produces open flames, sparks or heat shall not be permitted in an outdoor storage area. (See A-4.1.5.3.(1) in Appendix A.)

2) Except as provided in Subsection 2.4.2., smoking shall not be permitted in an outdoor storage area.

3) Except as provided in Subsection 2.6.2., the burning of materials in an outdoor storage area shall be performed only in a burner that is:

a) designed, constructed and maintained in conformance with good engineering practice, and

b) located not less than 15 m from a building or stored products.

3.3.2.9.Fire Safety Plan

1) A fire safety plan conforming to Section 2.8. and Sentences (2) and (3) shall be prepared.

2) The fire safety plan required in Sentence (1) shall identify

a) the location and classification of the products currently stored, as described in Sentence 3.3.1.1.(1),

b) the method of storage, including the clear spaces required and the maximum permitted size of individual storage areas,

c) the location of fire alarm systems and fire fighting equipment, and

d) the control of fire hazards in and around the outdoor storage area.

3) At least one copy of the fire emergency procedures shall be prominently posted at the outdoor storage site.

3.3.2.10.Portable Extinguishers

1) Any building located in an outdoor storage area shall be provided with portable extinguishers in conformance with Part 6.

2) Each motorized vehicle operating in an outdoor storage area shall be equipped with at least one portable extinguisher having a minimum rating of 2-A:10-B:C and conforming to Part 6.

3.3.2.11.Site Preparation

1) The storage site shall be

a) level, and

b) solid ground or paved with asphalt, concrete or other hard surface material.

3.3.2.12.Fuel Dispensing

1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), the dispensing of flammable liquids or combustible liquids into the fuel tank of a vehicle shall conform to Section 4.5.

2) A clear space of not less than 6 m shall be maintained between the stored products and fuel dispensers.

3.3.2.13.Spill Control

1) Provision shall be made for the safe drainage and containment mof waste oils or dangerous goods emptied or escaping from stored products under normal storage conditions or in a fire situation, in conformance with Subsection 4.1.6.

3.3.2.14.Fire Separation

1) It is permitted to reduce the clear space between individual storage areas prescribed in this Section if a noncombustible fire separation or a dirt berm, not less than 1.5 times the height of the stored products, is provided.

3.3.2.15.Fire Protection

1) It is permitted to increase the height and size of individual storage areas prescribed in this Section if fire extinguishing measures conforming to good engineering practice are provided.

3.3.3.General Outdoor Storage

3.3.3.1.Application

1) This Subsection applies to the outdoor storage of products other than dangerous goods.

3.3.3.2.Individual Storage Areas and Clearance

1) Except as provided in Sentences (2) to (4), the size and clearances for individual storage areas shall conform to Table 3.3.3.2. (See Appendix A.)

2) Except as permitted in Sentences (3) and (4), a clear space of not less than 15 m shall be maintained between stored products and a building on the same property.

3) It is permitted to waive the clearance required in Sentence (2) if

a) the stored products do not consist of wood chips, hogged material, rubber tires or combustible pallets,

b) the exposed wall of the building is a fire separation having a fire resistance rating of not less than 2 h, and

c) the stored products are separated from any unprotected wall opening by a horizontal distance of not less than

i) 3 m on either side of the opening, and

ii) 6 m perpendicularly in front of the opening.

4) It is permitted to waive the clearance required in Sentence (2) if an individual storage area has a base area not greater than 5 m2.

Table 3.3.3.2.

Size and Clearances for Individual Storage Areas (ISA)

Forming Part of Sentence 3.3.3.2.(1)

Product Classification(1)

Max. Base Area, m2

Max. Height of Storage, m

Min. Clear Space Around Each ISA, m

Class III and IV commodities, Group A, B and C plastics, lumber, timber, manufactured buildings, wrecked vehicles

1 000

3

6

1 000

<3 but 6

twice the height of storage

 

Wood chips, hogged material

15 000

18

9

Rubber tires, combustible pallets

1 000

3

15

 

Notes to Table 3.3.3.2.:

(1) See Sentence 3.3.1.1.(1).

3.3.3.3.Rubber Tires

1) Any access route required in Article 3.3.2.5. shall be located so that a clear space of not less than 6 m is provided between stored rubber tires and the nearest side of the access route.

3.3.4.Outdoor Storage of Dangerous Goods

3.3.4.1.Application

1) Except as provided in Part 4 or otherwise specified in this Code, this Subsection applies to the outdoor storage of dangerous goods in packages or containers.

2) The storage of dangerous goods in quantities greater than those shown in Table 3.2.7.1., in a single individual storage area, shall conform to this Subsection.

3) When a product has a primary and a subsidiary classification, the quantities referred to in Sentence (2) shall be determined by

a) using the classification having precedence as established in Schedule I of Section 3.8. of the "Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations," or

b) using the lesser of the two small quantity exemptions in Table 3.2.7.1. when the precedence referred to in Clause (a) is not established.

3.3.4.2.Individual Storage Areas and Clearances

1) Except as provided in Sentences (2) and (3), the size of an individual storage area for dangerous goods shall be not greater than 1 000 m2.

2) A clear space of not less than 6 m shall be provided around each individual storage area for dangerous goods. (See A-3.3.3.2.(1) in Appendix A.)

3) Dangerous goods shall not be stored to a height greater than 6 m.

3.3.4.3.Separation from Other Dangerous Goods

1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), dangerous goods shall be separated from other dangerous goods in conformance with Article 3.2.7.6.

2) Incompatible dangerous goods that are not permitted in Table 3.2.7.6. to be stored in the same fire compartment shall be separated by a minimum horizontal distance of 3 m when in an outdoor storage area.

3.3.4.4.Separation from Combustible Products

1) Dangerous goods and other products described in Sentence 3.3.1.1.(1) shall not be stored in the same individual storage area.

3.3.4.5.Identification

1) The outdoor storage of dangerous goods shall conform to Articles 3.2.7.13. and 3.2.7.14.

3.3.4.6.Training

1) The training of personnel involved in the outdoor storage of dangerous goods shall conform to Article 3.2.7.15.

3.3.4.7.Safety Precautions

1) When dangerous goods are stored outside of a building, safety precautions shall be taken to prevent undesirable reactions from the effects of atmospheric conditions.

2) Damaged or leaking packages or containers of dangerous goods shall be moved to a safe location and the product repackaged and labelled as soon as possible.

3.3.4.8.Intermodal Shipping Containers

1) Intermodal shipping containers used for the transportation of dangerous goods shall be stored in conformance with the segregation requirements in Section 15 of the "International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code," of the International Maritime Organization. (See A-3.3.1.1.(2)(c) in Appendix A.)

3.3.5.Outdoor Storage of Compressed Gases

3.3.5.1.Application

1) Except as provided in Subsection 3.1.1., this Subsection shall apply to the storage of Class 2 gases outside buildings.

3.3.5.2.Location

1) Where cylinders of Class 2 gases are stored outdoors, they shall be

a) supported on raised concrete or other noncombustible platforms, and

b) located in an enclosure fenced in conformance with Article 3.3.2.6.

3.3.5.3.Clearances

1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), cylinders of Class 2.1 flammable, Class 2.3 poisonous or Class 2.4 corrosive gases stored outdoors shall be not less than

a) 1.5 m from any building opening, if the aggregate capacity of expanded gas is not more than 170 m3,

b) 7.5 m from any building opening, if the aggregate capacity of expanded gas is more than 170 m3 but less than 500 m3, and

c) 15 m from any building opening, if the aggregate capacity of expanded gas is 500 m3 or more.

(See A-3.2.8.2.(2) in Appendix A.)

2) The distances required in Sentence (1) need not apply when the opening referred to is into a room conforming to Subsection 3.2.8. which is used for storing Class 2 gases.

Part 4Flammable and Combustible Liquids

Section 4.1.General

4.1.1.Scope

4.1.1.1.Application

1) Except as provided in Sentences (2) and (3), this Part provides for the storage, handling, use and processing of flammable liquids and combustible liquids in buildings, structures and open areas. (See Appendix A.)

2) Areas in process plants, where conditions must be addressed by design and operational details specific to the hazard, need not conform to this Part, where alternative protection is provided in conformance with Part 1. (See Appendix A.)

3) This Part shall not apply to

a) the transportation of flammable liquids or combustible liquids under the "Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations,"

b) appliances and their ancillary equipment within the scope of CAN/CSA-B139-M "Installation Code for Oil Burning Equipment,"

c) the storage of flammable liquids or combustible liquids on farms for individual farm use and on isolated construction projects, or

d) the storage of aerosol products covered under Subsection 3.2.5.

4) In addition to the requirements in this Part, the storage, handling and use of flammable liquids and combustible liquids in laboratories shall be in conformance with Section 5.7.

5) Unless otherwise specified, this Section shall apply to all areas involved in the storage, handling or use of flammable liquids and combustible liquids covered in this Part.

6) This part also provides for a permit system in connection with the construction and operation of bulk plants, process plants, distilleries and the installation and operation of fuel dispensing stations.

4.1.2.Classification

4.1.2.1.Classification

(See Appendix A.)

1) For the purposes of this Part, flammable liquids and combustible liquids shall be classified in conformance with Sentences (2) and (3).

2) Flammable liquids shall be Class I liquids, and shall be subdivided into:

a) Class IA liquids, which shall include those having a flash point below 22.8C and a boiling point below 37.8C,

b) Class IB liquids, which shall include those having a flash point below 22.8C and a boiling point at or above 37.8C, and

c) Class IC liquids, which shall include those having a flash point at or above 22.8C and below 37.8C.

3) Combustible liquids shall be Class II or Class IIIA liquids, and shall be subdivided into:

a) Class II liquids, which shall include those having a flash point at or above 37.8C and below 60C, and

b) Class IIIA liquids, which shall include those having a flash point at or above 60C and below 93.3C (see Appendix A).

4.1.2.2.Heated Liquids

1) When a liquid having a flash point at or above 37.8C, is being processed, stored, handled or used at a temperature at or above its flash point, it shall be treated as a Class I liquid.

4.1.2.3.Used Lubricating Oil

(See Appendix A.)

1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), used lubricating oil drained from motor vehicles shall be classified as a Class IIIA liquid.

2) When Class I or II liquids are added to used oils referred to in Sentence (1), the resulting mixture shall be classified by tests conforming to Subsection 4.1.3.

4.1.3.Flash Point

4.1.3.1.Determination of Flash Point

(See Appendix A.)

1) Except as provided in Sentences (3) and (4), the flash point of liquids having a viscosity less than 6 mm2/s at 37.8C and a flash point below 93.3C shall be determined in conformance with ASTM D 56, "Flash Point by Tag Closed Tester."

2) Except as provided in Sentences (3) and (4), the flash point of liquids having a viscosity of 6 mm2/s or more at 37.8C or a flash point of 93.3C or higher shall be determined in conformance with ASTM D 93, "Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester."

3) ASTM D 3828, "Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Tester" is permitted to be used for testing aviation turbine fuels within the scope of this procedure.

4) ASTM D 3278, "Flash Point of Liquids by Small Scale Closed-Cup Apparatus" is permitted to be used for paints, enamels, lacquers, varnishes and related products and their components having flash points between 0C and 110C, and having a viscosity less than 15 000 mm2/s (150 stokes) at 25C.

4.1.4.Electrical Installations

4.1.4.1.Hazardous Locations

1) Electrical equipment in a location where flammable liquids or combustible liquids are present shall conform to the appropriate provincial or territorial legislation or, in the absence of such legislation, to CSA C22.1, "British Columbia Electrical Safety Act and Pursuant Regulations." (See Appendix A.)

4.1.5.Fire Prevention and Protection

4.1.5.1.Portable Extinguishers

1) Portable extinguishers shall be provided and maintained as required elsewhere in this Part and in Part 6.

4.1.5.2.Additional Fire Protection Equipment

1) In addition to extinguishers required in Article 4.1.5.1., fire protection equipment shall be provided where there are special hazards of operation, dispensing or storage.

4.1.5.3.Ignition Sources

1) Unless controlled in a manner that will not create a fire or explosion hazard, a device, operation or activity that produces open flames, sparks or heat shall not be permitted in an area described in Article 4.1.1.1. (See Appendix A.)

4.1.5.4.Smoking

1) Except for designated safe smoking areas conforming to Subsection 2.4.2., smoking shall not be permitted in areas described in Article 4.1.1.1.

4.1.5.5.Removal of Combustibles

1) Areas described in Article 4.1.1.1. shall be kept clean and free of ground vegetation and accumulations of combustible materials not essential to operations.

2) Cleaning rags shall be stored in receptacles conforming to Article 2.4.1.3.

4.1.5.6.Emergency Planning

1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), emergency planning measures conforming to Section 2.8. shall be provided for all buildings, parts of buildings and open areas described in Article 4.1.1.1.

2) The fire safety plan required as part of the emergency planning measures in Sentence (1) shall be retained on site for reference by the authority having jurisdiction and personnel.

4.1.5.7.Access for Fire Fighting

1) Required aisles and other access paths shall be maintained to permit the unobstructed movement of personnel and fire department apparatus so that fire fighting operations can be carried out in any part of an area used for the storage, use or handling of flammable liquids or combustible liquids.

4.1.5.8.Hot Works

1) Hot works shall be performed in conformance with Section 5.2.

4.1.5.9.Basement Storage

(See Appendix A.)

1) Except as permitted in Sentence (2) and in dwelling units as described in Article 4.2.4.5., and in mercantile occupancies as described in Sentence 4.2.5.2.(3), Class I liquids shall not be stored, handled or used in basements or pits.

2) Not more than 5 L of Class I liquid is permitted to be stored in basements, provided it is stored in safety containers conforming toULC/ORD-C30, "Safety Containers."

4.1.6.Spill Control and Drainage Systems

4.1.6.1.Spill Control

1) A spill of flammable liquids or combustible liquids, including water used for fire fighting purposes, shall be prevented from flowing outside of the spill area and from reaching waterways, sewer systems and potable water sources by

a) constructing a noncombustible barrier of sufficient height to contain the spill, or

b) grading the site or sloping the floor to divert the spill to a drainage system conforming to Article 4.1.6.2. (See Appendix A.)

2) When barriers required in Sentence (1) are provided to contain accidental spillage from aboveground storage tanks, they shall conform to the requirements for secondary containment in Subsection 4.3.7.

4.1.6.2.Drainage Systems

1) A drainage system referred to in Clause 4.1.6.1.(1)(b) shall

a) terminate at a location where such spill will not create a fire hazard or any risk to public health or safety, and

b) direct the spill away from buildings, means of egress, fire department access roadways, or valves controlling the flow of flammable liquids or combustible liquids or water supplies for fire fighting.

2) Closed drainage systems shall be equipped with a trap. (See Appendix A.)

4.1.6.3.Spills and Leaks

1) Maintenance and operating procedures shall be established to prevent the escape of flammable liquids or combustible liquids to areas where they would create a fire or explosion hazard.

2) Except as provided in Sentence (3), all reasonable steps shall be taken to recover escaped liquid and to remove or treat the contaminated soil.

3) Liquid spilled or leaked shall be

a) flushed to a location conforming to Article 4.1.6.2., or

b) removed with the aid of an absorbent conforming to Sentence (4), and

i) deposited in a receptacle conforming to Article 2.4.1.3., or

ii) disposed of in a manner that does not create a fire or explosion hazard.

4) An absorbent required in Sentence (3) shall

a) be noncombustible, or

b) conform to ULC/ORD-C410A, "Absorbents for Flammable and Combustible Liquids."

4.1.7.Ventilation

4.1.7.1.Rooms or Enclosed Spaces

1) Where flammable liquids and combustible liquids are processed, handled, stored, dispensed or used within rooms or enclosed spaces, ventilation shall conform to the applicable requirements of this Part and the British Columbia Building Code. (See Appendix A.)

4.1.7.2.Ventilation Measures

1) Except as permitted in Sentence (2), a room or enclosed space referred to in Article 4.1.7.1. shall be provided with one of the following ventilation systems:

a) continuous mechanical ventilation where Class I liquids are processed, dispensed or used in a manner that releases flammable vapours into the room or enclosed space,

b) either natural or continuous mechanical ventilation where

i) Class I liquids are stored, processed, dispensed or used in a manner that does not release flammable vapours into the room or enclosed space, or

ii) Class II liquids are processed, dispensed or used.

2) Ventilation referred to in Clause (1)(b) need not be provided for the storage of Class I liquids if

a) storage consists of only closed containers, and

b) no dispensing operations are performed.

3) Ventilation required in Sentence (1) shall be sufficient to ensure that flammable vapour concentrations outside the zone identified as Class I, Division 1 in conformance with Article 4.1.4.1., do not exceed 25% of the lower explosive limit of the flammable vapour. (See Appendix A.)

4) Where a mechanical ventilation system is installed to meet the conditions of Sentence (3), it shall be capable of exhausting at least 18 m3/h per square metre of room area, but not less than 250 m3/h.

5) Where continuous mechanical ventilation is installed in order to meet the conditions of Sentence (1), it shall

a) be provided with automatic interlocks so that the activity generating flammable vapours cannot be performed when the ventilation system is not in operation, and

b) sound an audible alarm in an attended area upon shut-down of the ventilation system.

4.1.7.3.Location of Air Inlets and Outlets

1) Ventilation air inlets and outlets within a room or enclosed space referred to in Article 4.1.7.1. shall be arranged in conformance with Sentences (2) to (4).

2) Where the flammable vapour being removed is heavier than air,

a) at least one air inlet shall be located at a point near a wall, and no higher than 300 mm from the floor, and

b) at least one air outlet shall be located near the opposite wall, no higher than 300 mm from the floor.

3) Where the flammable vapour being removed is lighter than air,

a) at least one air inlet shall be located at a point near a wall, and no lower than 300 mm from the ceiling, and

b) at least one air outlet shall be located near the opposite wall, no lower than 300 mm from the ceiling.

4) When the average air velocity in the room exceeds 0.5 m/s, make-up air shall be provided in conformance with Article 4.1.7.5.

4.1.7.4.Location of Mechanical Ventilation Exhaust Air Outlets

1) Except as provided in Article 4.1.7.6., the exhaust air outlet from a mechanical ventilation system required in Article 4.1.7.2. shall be

a) located outdoors, not less than 3 m from any building opening, and

b) arranged so that the exhaust air does not discharge toward any unprotected opening within 7.5 m of the discharge point.

4.1.7.5.Make-up Air

1) Where make-up air for a mechanical ventilation system is taken from within the building, the opening into the room or enclosed space shall be provided with a fire damper.

2) Make-up air for a natural or mechanical ventilation system shall be taken from a point remote from any exhaust air discharge described in Article 4.1.7.4.

3) Make-up air for a natural ventilation system shall be taken from a point outside the building.

4.1.7.6.Recirculating Ventilation Systems

1) Where a mechanical ventilation system is installed in conformance with Article 4.1.7.2., and where exhaust air is recirculated, a fail-safe vapour detection and alarm system shall be provided

a) to continuously monitor the flammable vapour concentration in the exhaust air, and

b) if the vapour concentration in Clause (a) exceeds 25% of the lower explosive limit of the vapour, to

i) sound an alarm,

ii) stop the recirculation of air, and

iii) redirect the exhaust air to an outdoor location.

4.1.7.7.Exclusive Use of Ducts

1) Ducts used in a ventilation system conforming to Article 4.1.7.2. shall not be used for any other ventilation or exhaust system.

4.1.7.8.Maintenance

1) Inlet and exhaust openings and associated ducts shall be kept free of any obstructions that may interfere with the operation of the ventilation system.

4.1.8.Handling of Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4.1.8.1.Containers and Storage Tanks

1) All flammable liquids and combustible liquids shall be stored in containers conforming to Subsection 4.2.3. or in storage tanks conforming to Subsection 4.3.1.

2) Containers and storage tanks for flammable liquids or combustible liquids shall be kept closed when not in use.

4.1.8.2.Control of Static Electric Charge

1) When Class I liquids are dispensed into a container or a storage tank,

a) if made of metallic or electrically conducting material, such container or tank shall be electrically connected to the fill stem, or rest on a conductive floor that is electrically connected to the fill stem, or

b) if the container or tank is made of non-electrically conducting material, measures shall be taken to minimize the potential for static electric charge to develop (see Appendix A).

2) Except as provided in Sentence (3), when Class I liquids are transferred into a storage tank through the top of the tank, the fill pipe shall terminate within 150 mm of the bottom of the tank.

3) Sentence (2) shall not apply when

a) the storage tank vapour space cannot exceed 25% of the lower explosive limit or is filled with an inert gas that prevents the ignition of the vapour mixture, or

b) the liquid being transferred has a minimum conductivity that prevents the accumulation of static electricity (see Appendix A).

4) Fill pipes referred to in Sentence (2) shall be installed in such a way as to minimize vibration of the pipe.

4.1.8.3.Transfer

1) Class I liquids shall be drawn from or transferred into containers or storage tanks within a building

a) through a piping or transfer system conforming to Section 4.4.,

b) by means of a pump designed in conformance with good engineering practice on top of the container or storage tank, or

c) by gravity through a self-closing valve designed in conformance with good engineering practice.

(See Appendix A.)

2) Except as provided in Subsection 4.4.10., the transfer of flammable liquids or combustible liquids by means of pneumatic pressure applied to a container or storage tank shall not be permitted.

4.1.8.4.Fuel Tanks of Vehicles

1) It is permitted to use movable tanks for dispensing flammable liquids or combustible liquids into the fuel tanks of vehicles or other motorized equipment provided such movable tanks are used in conformance with the requirements of this Part for storage tanks.

2) Only enclosed pumping equipment designed in conformance with good engineering practice shall be used to transfer Class I liquids to or from the fuel tanks of vehicles inside buildings. (See A-4.1.8.3.(1) in Appendix A.)

Section 4.2.Container Storage and Handling

4.2.1.Scope

4.2.1.1.Application

1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), this Section shall apply to the storage, handling and use of flammable liquids or combustible liquids in

a) containers conforming to Clauses 4.2.3.1.(1)(a) to (d) having a capacity of not more than 230 L, or

b) portable tanks conforming to Clause 4.2.3.1.(1)(e) having an individual capacity of not more than 2 500 L.

2) Except as otherwise stated in this Code, this Section shall not apply to

a) fuel dispensing stations, bulk plants, refineries and distilleries,

b) liquids in the fuel tank of motors or engines,

c) distilled beverage alcohol in closed containers when stored in conformance with Part 3,

d) food and pharmaceutical products when in closed containers having a capacity of not more than 5 L, or

e) products containing not more than 50% by volume of water-miscible flammable liquids or combustible liquids with the remainder of the solution being non-flammable, when in closed containers having a capacity of not more than 5 L.

3) Portable tanks having a capacity greater than 2 500 L shall be installed in conformance with Section 4.3.

4) For the purpose of this Section, unstable liquids shall meet the requirements for Class IA liquids.

5) Except as otherwise stated, requirements for containers in this Part shall also apply to portable tanks described in Sentence (1).

4.2.2.General

4.2.2.1.Prohibited Locations

1) Flammable liquids or combustible liquids shall not be stored in or adjacent to exits, elevators or principal routes that provide access to exits.

4.2.2.2.Storage Arrangement

1) In addition to the provisions of this Section, the method of storage of flammable liquids and combustible liquids shall be determined to ensure stability of the stored products.

4.2.2.3.Separation from Other Dangerous Goods

1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), flammable liquids and combustible liquids shall be separated from other dangerous goods in conformance with Sections 3.2. and 3.3.

2) For the purposes of applying Table 3.2.7.6., Class IIIA liquids shall be treated as Class 3 dangerous goods. (See Appendix A.)

4.2.3.Containers and Portable Tanks

4.2.3.1.Design and Construction

1) Except as permitted in Articles 4.2.3.3. and 4.2.3.4., containers and portable tanks for flammable liquids or combustible liquids shall be built in conformance with the following:

a) the "Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations,"

b) CSA B376-M, "Portable Containers for Gasoline and Other Petroleum Fuels,"

c) CSA B306-M, "Portable Fuel Tanks for Marine Use,"

d) ULC/ORD-C30, "Safety Containers," or

e) Section 6 of CSA B620, "Highway Tanks and Portable Tanks for the Transportation of Dangerous Goods."

4.2.3.2.Markings or Labels

1) Except as provided in Sentence (2) and Article 4.2.3.1., containers for flammable liquids or combustible liquids shall be distinctly marked or labelled in easily legible type which is in contrast to any other printed matter on the label with a warning to indicate that

a) the material in the container is flammable,

b) it should be kept away from heat, sparks and open flames, and

c) it should be kept closed when not in use.

2) Markings referred to in Sentence (1) are not required when the container is labelled in conformance with

a) the "Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act (Canada)" and its Regulations,

b) the "Hazardous Products Act" and its Regulations, or

c) the "Pest Control Products Act" and its Regulations.

4.2.3.3.Plastic and Glass Containers

1) Except as permitted in Article 4.2.3.4., the storage, handling and use of flammable liquids or combustible liquids in a glass or plastic container shall be permitted only if the required liquid purity would be affected by storage in a metal container or if the liquid would cause excessive corrosion of the metal container.

4.2.3.4.Other Containers

1) Except as permitted in Sentences (2) and (3), the storage and use of Class I or II liquids, in containers other than those described in Article 4.2.3.1., shall not be permitted within a building.

2) A container of not more than 1 L capacity in the case of Class I liquids and 5 L in the case of Class II or IIIA liquids need not conform to Article 4.2.3.1.

3) It is permitted to use sample containers not conforming to Article 4.2.3.1. for quality control purposes or for testing by regulatory officials.

4.2.4.Assembly and Residential Occupancies

4.2.4.1.Application

1) This Subsection shall apply to the storage and handling of flammable liquids and combustible liquids in buildings classified as assembly or residential occupancies, except that it shall not apply to nonresidential schools, universities or colleges covered in Subsection 4.2.6.

4.2.4.2.Maximum Quantities

1) Except as provided in Sentence (4) and in Articles 4.2.4.5. and 4.2.4.6., the maximum quantity of flammable liquid or combustible liquid stored in a building shall conform to Sentences (2) and (3).

2) When a single class of liquid is stored in a building, the total quantity of liquid shall not exceed

a) 30 L of Class I liquids,

b) 150 L of Class II liquids, or

c) 600 L of Class IIIA liquids.

3) When 2 or more classes of liquid are stored in the same building, the total quantity permitted for each class of liquid shall be calculated as follows:

where

qI = the actual quantity of Class I liquid present,

qII = the actual quantity of Class II liquid present,

qIIIA = the actual quantity of Class IIIA liquid present.

4) Quantities of flammable liquids or combustible liquids exceeding those permitted in Sentence (1) are permitted, provided they are kept

a) in storage cabinets conforming to Subsection 4.2.10. except that the total quantity of flammable liquids and combustible liquids stored in such cabinets shall not exceed the quantity permitted for one cabinet, or

b) in a storage room conforming to Subsection 4.2.9. and having no openings that communicate directly with the public portions of the building.

4.2.4.3.Storage Cabinets and Storage Rooms

1) The storage cabinets and storage rooms referred to in Sentence 4.2.4.2.(4) shall not be located above or below the first storey.

4.2.4.4.Exterior Balconies

1) Flammable liquids and combustible liquids shall not be stored on exterior balconies.

4.2.4.5.Dwelling Units

1) Not more than 15 L of flammable liquids and combustible liquids, of which not more than 5 L shall be Class I liquids, are permitted to be stored in each dwelling unit. (See Sentence 4.1.1.1.(3) for oil burning appliances.)

4.2.4.6.Attached Garages and Sheds

1) Not more than 50 L of flammable liquids and combustible liquids, of which not more than 30 L shall be Class I liquids, are permitted to be stored in a garage or shed attached to a dwelling unit.

4.2.5.Mercantile Occupancies

4.2.5.1.Maximum Quantities

1) Except as provided in Sentence (5), the quantities of flammable liquids and combustible liquids stored in mercantile occupancies shall not exceed those in Sentences (2) to (4).

2) In unsprinklered mercantile occupancies, the maximum quantity of flammable liquids and combustible liquids permitted to be stored in a single suite shall be the lesser of

a) 8 L/m2 of the total area of the suite, provided that not more than 2 L/m2 is Class I liquid, of which not more than 0.3 L/m2 shall be Class IA, Class IB, or any combination of these 2 classes, or

b) 8000 L, provided that not more than 2000 L is Class I liquid, of which not more than 300 L shall be Class IA, Class IB, or any combination of these 2 classes.

3) In sprinklered mercantile occupancies, the maximum quantity of flammable liquids and combustible liquids permitted to be stored in a single suite shall be the lesser of

a) 24 L/m2 of the total area of the suite, provided that not more than 6 L/m2 is Class I liquid, of which not more than 1 L/m2 shall be Class IA, Class IB, or any combination of these 2 classes, or

b) 24000 L, provided that not more than 6000 L is Class I liquid, of which not more than 1 000 L shall be Class IA, Class IB, or any combination of these 2 classes.

4) For the purposes of calculating permissible quantities in Sentences (2) and (3), mercantile occupancies of less than 250 m2 floor area shall be assumed to be 250 m2 in area.

5) Quantities of flammable liquids and combustible liquids in excess of those permitted in Sentences (2) to (4), shall be kept in a storage area conforming to Subsection 4.2.7.

4.2.5.2.Containers

1) Flammable liquids and combustible liquids in mercantile occupancies shall be kept in closed containers.

2) Closed containers of Class I and II liquids shall not be stacked more than 1.5 m high on floors, or 1 m high on individual fixed shelves.

3) Class I liquids in closed containers are permitted to be stored in basements of mercantile occupancies.

4.2.5.3.Transfer

1) In mercantile occupancies, transfer of flammable liquids or combustible liquids into containers shall only be permitted in a storage room conforming to Subsection 4.2.9. (See Appendix A.)

4.2.6.Business and Personal Services, Educational and Care or Detention Occupancies

4.2.6.1.Application

1) This Subsection shall apply to the storage, handling and use of flammable liquids and combustible liquids in business and personal services occupancies and care or detention occupancies and shall include nonresidential schools, universities and colleges.

4.2.6.2.Storage Cabinets and Storage Rooms

1) Except as permitted in Article 4.2.6.3., flammable liquids and combustible liquids shall be kept in closed containers and stored

a) in cabinets conforming to Subsection 4.2.10. except that the total quantity of flammable liquids and combustible liquids stored in such cabinets shall not exceed the quantity permitted for one cabinet, or

b) in a room having no openings communicating directly with the public portions of the building and conforming to Subsection 4.2.9.

4.2.6.3.Maximum Quantities

1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), the storage of flammable liquids and combustible liquids outside of a cabinet or room required in Article 4.2.6.2. is permitted, provided such storage does not exceed

a) 10 L, including not more than 5 L of Class I liquid, in a single room, or

b) 250 L, including not more than 60 L of Class II liquid, or 10 L of Class I liquid, in a single fire compartment having at least a 45 min fire separation.

2) In the automotive shops or industrial arts area of an educational facility, storage of up to 75 L of flammable liquids and combustible liquids, including not more than 25 L of Class I liquid, shall be permitted outside of a cabinet or room as specified in Article 4.2.6.2.

4.2.6.4.Containers

1) Where individual containers with a capacity of more than 5 L are required for storage of flammable liquids or combustible liquids in a building, safety containers conforming to ULC/ORD-C30, "Safety Containers," and of not more than 25 L capacity, shall be used.

4.2.6.5.Separation of Dangerous Goods

1) Flammable liquids or combustible liquids stored in cabinets or rooms shall be separated from other dangerous goods in conformance with Article 4.2.2.3.

4.2.7.Industrial Occupancies

4.2.7.1.Application

1) This Subsection applies to the storage of flammable liquids and combustible liquids in closed containers in industrial occupancies.

4.2.7.2.Storage Facilities

1) Flammable liquids and combustible liquids in industrial occupancies shall be stored

a) in storage areas conforming to Article 4.2.7.5.,

b) in rooms conforming to Subsection 4.2.9.,

c) in cabinets conforming to Subsection 4.2.10., or

d) in conformance with Subsection 4.2.8.

4.2.7.3.Fire Compartments

1) Fire compartments regulated by this Subsection shall be separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating of at least 2 h.

4.2.7.4.Dispensing and Transfer

1) Except as permitted in Subsection 4.2.8. and in Sentence (2), the dispensing or transfer of Class I or II liquids shall be conducted in rooms conforming to Subsection 4.2.9.

2) It is permitted to dispense or transfer Class I or II liquids in a storage area conforming to Article 4.2.7.5. provided

a) the storage area does not exceed 100 m2, and

b) the dispensing or transfer operations conform to the applicable requirements of Subsection 4.2.9.

4.2.7.5.Maximum Quantities

1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), the storage of flammable liquids and combustible liquids in storage areas specified in Clause 4.2.7.2.(1)(a) shall

a) conform to Table 4.2.7.5.A.

i) where it consists of palletized or solid piled storage, or

ii) where stored in racks in buildings not protected in conformance with Article 4.2.7.7., or

b) conform to Table 4.2.7.5.B. where stored in racks in buildings protected in conformance with Article 4.2.7.7.

2) Where a building is designed for the storage of flammable liquids or combustible liquids, there is no limit on the total quantity of storage per fire compartment provided

a) the building is separated from adjacent buildings by

i) a firewall having a fire-resistance rating of at least 4 h, or

ii) spatial separation in conformance with the British Columbia Building Code, and

b) in protected rack storage, the quantities in each individual storage area do not exceed those specified in Table 4.2.7.5.B.

(See Appendix A.)

3) Where containers for 2 or more liquids having different flash points are stored together in a single individual storage area, the maximum quantity permitted in the individual storage area shall equal that permitted for the liquid with the lowest flash point.

4) When 2 or more classes of liquids are stored in a single fire compartment, the maximum quantity permitted for each class of liquid shall be calculated as follows:

where

qIA, IB or IC = the actual quantity of Class IA, IB or IC liquid present,

qII = the actual quantity of Class II liquid present,

qIIIA = the actual quantity of Class IIIA liquid present,

QIA, IB, IC = the maximum quantity of Class IA, IB or IC liquid permitted in Table 4.2.7.5.A. or 4.2.7.5.B. for the arrangement,

QII = the maximum quantity of Class II liquid permitted in Table 4.2.7.5.A. or 4.2.7.5.B. for the arrangement,

QIIIA = the maximum quantity of Class IIIA liquid permitted in Table 4.2.7.5.A. or 4.2.7.5.B. for the arrangement.

Table 4.2.7.5.A.

Indoor Container Storage (Palletized or Solid Piled Storage and
Unprotected Rack Storage)

Forming Part of Sentences 4.2.7.5.(1) and (4), 4.2.8.4.(3) and 4.2.9.1.(3)

Class of Liquid

Storage Level

Protected Storage(1)

Unprotected Storage

Maximum Quantity per I.S.A.(2), L

Maximum Storage Height, m

Maximum Quantity per Fire Compartment, L

Maximum Quantity per I.S.A.(2), L

Maximum Storage Height, m

Maximum Quantity per Fire Compartment, L

 

Class IA

First storey

Storeys above the first storey

Basement

10 000

7 500


Not Permitted

1.5

1.5


Not Permitted

50 000

30 000


Not Permitted

2 500

2 500


Not Permitted

1.5

1.5


Not Permitted

2 500

2 500


Not Permitted

Class IB
or IC

First storey

Storeys above the first storey

Basement

20 000

10 000


Not Permitted

2.0

2.0


Not Permitted

60 000

50 000


Not Permitted

10 000

10 000


Not Permitted

1.5

1.5


Not Permitted

10 000

10 000


Not Permitted

Class II

First storey and storeys above the first storey

Basement

40 000



25 000

3.0



1.5

100 000



25 000

15 000



Not Permitted

3.0



Not Permitted

30 000



Not Permitted

Class IIIA

First storey and storeys above the first storey

Basement

60 000



40 000

6.0



3.0

200 000



100 000

50 000



Not Permitted

4.5



Not Permitted

100 000



Not Permitted

 

Notes to Table 4.2.7.5.A.:

1 See Article 4.2.7.7.

2 Individual storage area

Table 4.2.7.5.B.

Indoor Container Storage (Protected Rack Storage)(1)

Forming Part of Sentences 4.2.7.5.(1), (2) and (4)

Class of Liquid

Storage Level

Maximum Height, m

Maximum Quantity per Fire Compartment, L

Class IA

First storey

Storeys above first storey

Basement

7.5

4.5


Not Permitted

30 000

17 000


Not Permitted

Class IB or IC

First storey

Storeys above first storey

Basement

7.5

4.5


Not Permitted

60 000

35 000


Not Permitted

Class II

First storey

Storeys above first storey

Basement

7.5

7.5


4.5

100 000

100 000


35 000

Class IIIA

First storey

Storeys above first storey

Basement

12.0

6.0


6.0

200 000

200 000


100 000

 

Notes to Table 4.2.7.5.B.:

1 See Article 4.2.7.7.

4.2.7.6.Spill Control

1) Measures to control spilled flammable liquids and combustible liquids shall be provided in conformance with Subsection 4.1.6.

4.2.7.7.Fire Suppression Systems

1) Where protection is required by this Code, storage areas for flammable liquids and combustible liquids shall be

a) sprinklered in conformance with NFPA 30, "Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code," or

b) protected by an automatic fire suppression system conforming to Part 6.

(See Appendix A.)

4.2.7.8.Clearances

1) The clearance between the top of storage and the lowest structural members, sprinkler head deflectors or other overhead fire protection system components shall be not less than 450 mm.

2) A clearance of not less than 400 mm shall be maintained between stored flammable liquids and combustible liquids and walls, except that where the width of storage adjacent to the wall is not more than 1.5 m, such wall clearance is not required. (See Appendix A.)

4.2.7.9.Aisles

1) Except as provided in Article 4.2.7.10., main aisles, access aisles and aisles defining individual storage areas, shall be in conformance with Article 3.2.2.2.

4.2.7.10.Separation from Other Dangerous Goods

1) Flammable liquids and combustible liquids shall not be stored with other dangerous goods unless in conformance with Article 4.2.2.3.

4.2.7.11.Separation from Combustible Products

1) Combustibles other than those used for the packaging of the flammable liquids or combustible liquids shall not be stored in the same individual storage area with such liquids.

4.2.7.12.Absorbents

1) Absorbent materials shall be available in the storage area for use in clean-up of spilled flammable liquids or combustible liquids in conformance with Article 4.1.6.3.

4.2.7.13.Ventilation

1) Storage areas described in Article 4.2.7.1. shall be ventilated in conformance with Subsection 4.1.7.

4.2.8.Incidental Use

4.2.8.1.Application

1) Except as otherwise noted in this Part, this Subsection applies to industrial occupancies where the use, storage and handling of flammable liquids or combustible liquids is secondary to the principal activity. (See Appendix A.)

4.2.8.2.Maximum Quantities

1) Except as provided in Sentences (2) and (3) and in Article 4.2.8.4., the quantity of flammable liquids and combustible liquids permitted to be located outside of storage rooms conforming to Subsection 4.2.7., 4.2.9. or 4.3.13., or storage cabinets conforming to Subsection 4.2.10., in any one fire compartment of a building, shall not be more than

a) 600 L of flammable liquids and combustible liquids in closed containers, of which not more than 100 L shall be Class IA liquids, and

b) 5000 L of Class IB, IC, II and IIIA liquids in storage tanks or portable tanks.

2) Where required for normal plant activity, quantities of flammable liquids and combustible liquids are permitted to exceed those specified in Sentence (1), but shall not be greater than the supply for one day of normal operation.

3) Where larger quantities than are permitted by Sentence (2) are required, such quantities shall be in storage tanks installed in conformance with Sentence 4.3.12.4.(2).

4.2.8.3.Handling

1) Areas in which flammable liquids or combustible liquids are transferred from one container or storage tank to another, or are used in such a way as to release potentially explosive concentrations of flammable vapours, shall be

a) separated from possible sources of ignition by a spatial separation of not less than 6 m, or by a fire separation (see A-4.1.5.3.(1) and A-4.2.8.3.(1)(a) in Appendix A),

b) provided with a drainage system to control spills in conformance with Subsection 4.1.6.,

c) provided with absorbent materials to assist in clean-up of small liquid spills in conformance with Article 4.1.6.3.,

d) provided with either natural or mechanical ventilation in conformance with Subsection 4.1.7., and

e) separated from other dangerous goods in conformance with Article 4.2.2.3.

4.2.8.4.General Storage Areas

1) In a general storage area covered in Subsection 3.2.3., quantities of flammable liquids and combustible liquids are permitted to exceed those in Sentence 4.2.8.2.(1) provided the storage area is in conformance with Sentences (2) to (6).

2) The storage area referred to in Sentence (1) shall be sprinklered in conformance with Article 3.2.3.3., providing a level of protection not less than that required for Class IV commodities stored up to a height of 6 m.

3) The height of storage of flammable liquids and combustible liquids shall be not more than those permitted for unprotected storage in Table 4.2.7.5.A.

4) When a single class of liquid is stored, the total quantity in a single fire compartment shall be not more than

a) 2500 L of Class IB and IC liquid,

b) 5000 L of Class II liquid, or

c) 10000 L of Class IIIA liquid.

5) When 2 or more classes of liquid are stored in the same fire compartment, the total quantity permitted for each class of liquid shall be calculated as follows:

where

qI = the actual quantity of Class IB and IC liquid present,

qII = the actual quantity of Class II liquid present,